Exact reference to hardcopy publication: Kosterin, O. E., 2004. Dragonflies (Odonata) of the Daurskii State Nature Reserve area, Transbaikalia, Russia.. Odonatologica 33 (1): 43-71

Dragonflies (Odonata) of the Daurskii State Nature Reserve area, Transbaikalia, Russia.

O.E. Kosterin

Institute of Cytology and Genetics of Siberian Division of Russian Academy of Sciences,

Academician Lavrentiev Avenue 10, RUS-630090 Novosibirsk, RUSSIA.

ABSTRACT. Data on the dragonflies of the Daurskii State Biosphere Nature Reserve area were recorded in 1995-1997. An annotated list of species contains a full reference to the specimens collected, notes on biotope preferences, and relative abundance of species. For some species, taxonomic notes and data on variation are given. Earlier 17 species were reported for this territory, this number now reaches 31. Among these, there are the Manshurian species Cercion v-nigrum Needh. and Anisogomphus maackii Selys, previously thought to range westwards up to Blagoveshchensk only. Anax parthenope Selys and Pantala flavescens Fabr. proved to be present in Transbaikalia. The Chinese/Mongolian Ophiogomphus spinicornis Selys enters the Russian territory in southern Transbaikalia, Baikal region and southern Tuva.

Transbaikalia (in Russian "Zabaikalye") is a conventional part of Russia (East Siberia) between Lake Baikal and the Argun’ (Hailar) River lower reaches (which outline the Great Hingan Mts.), with a conventional southern border coinciding with that of Russia and rather indefinite northern border. It is mostly occupied by forest-steppes and steppes and harbours a number of wooded mountain ranges. The dragonfly fauna of SE Transbaikalia is insufficiently known. A paper by GORB et al. (1996) was devoted to the dragonfly fauna of the Daurskii State Nature Reserve and the surroundings of the village Nizhnii Tsasuchei (where the office of the reserve is situated). It reported 17 species, including the first record of Aeshna serrata Hagen for Transbaikalia. However, this paper was based on material collected by non-odonatologists. In 1995-1997 I had an opportunity to take part in investigations on the entomofauna of the same area carried out by the Institute of Systematics and Ecology of Animals, the Siberian Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences, in 1995 in cooperation with the Ecological Club of Novosibirsk State University. O. G. Berezina and V. V. Dubatolov also took part in the collecting, while some small but interesting collections were provided by I. I. Lyubechanskii, A. V. Korolyuk, and V. A. Brinikh. Besides, some material was taken into account collected by E. Maksimenko in 1989 and identified by E. I. Malikova. In August 1996, V. V. Dubatolov collected some dragonflies in the southern part of the depression of the Torei Lakes on the territory of the Mongol Daguur Nature Reserve, Mongolia. As a result, 1298 specimens of 31 species of dragonflies and damseflies were collected. Here I discuss the composition of the collection and observations made.

The region studied

The name Dauria or Dahuria is usually applied to all steppe regions of Transbaikalia and adjacent regions of North China and East Mongolia. The Daurskii Biosphere State Nature Reserve is situated in southern Chita Province, on the territory of the Ononskii and Borzinskii Districts, and is a reserve of a cluster type uniting a number of protected territories of different status (Fig.1). It was founded in 1987 for protection of the avifauna of the Torei Lakes and of areas of virgin steppe. The reserve is a Russian part of the Dauria International Nature Reserve, together with the Mongol Daguur Reserve (Mongolia) and Dalainor Reserve (China). Within the Daurskii Reserve a regime of strict protection (category I in IUCNnomenclature) applies to Lake Barun-Torei (except for its small parts at the village Kulusutai, the Khotogor Bay, and the SE corner), patches of reed thickets at the Uldza River delta and steppes along the Russian/Mongolian border on the southern banks of this lake (where the breeding places of many bird species and of Mongolian gazelle, Procapra gutturosa Pallas, are protected), three elevations on the northern bank of Lake Zun-Torei, and a fragment of pine forest between the Torei Lakes and the Onon River (in total about 44 752 hectares). A buffer zone regime (totally 112 thousand hectares) is given to the lands around the Torei Lakes and the coastal part of Lake Zun-Torei. The Torei Lakes and adjacent lands, including the Reserve territory, have a buffer zone regime as the Torei Lakes wetland of international importance (within the Ramsar convention). About 58 thousand hectares south of the Onon River are occupied by the zakaznik (i.e. a protected area of category III-IV of IUCN nomenclature) of federal importance, Tsasucheiskii Bor. Besides, the regime of Nature monument is applied to the rocky ridges of the Adon-Chelon elevation at the mountain Tsagan-Obo. The office of the reserve is in the village Nizhnii Tsasuchei on the Onon River, a capitol of the Ononskii District.

The fragmental and complicated structure of the Daurskii Reserve makes it more convenient to consider the fauna of contiguous and homogeneous natural areas, containing protected territories. They are the Torei Lakes depression, the Tsasucheiskii pine forest, the Onon River valley and the Adon-Chelon elevation. These areas differ much in natural conditions. In them, dragonflies were collected in a number of sites shown on Fig. 1.

Fig. 1. A map of the region studied. Locations are numberred as follows:1, Tsasuchei; 2, Bor; 3, Right Bank; 4, Bridge; 5, Upper Floodland; 6, Left Bank; 7, Betevken; 8, Malyi Betevken; 9, Borzya; 10, Adon-Chelon; 11, Mukei; 12, Nipsei; 13, Bulum; 14, Uglovoe; 15, Borokholoi; 16, Utycha; 17, Teli; 18, Chikhalan; 19, Kuku-Khadan; 20, Khodonyata; 21, Solovyovsk; 22, Erentsav; 23, Chulun-Khorot; 24, Duro-Nur; 25, Shudu-Gol; 26, Khukh Nur; 27, Eltrud; 28, Avdar-Tolgoi. For explanations see the text.

The region studied is situated between 49040’ and 50030’ N. and 1150 and 1160 E on the Uldza-Torei Plain, which is a northern projection of the raised plains of Central Asia jutting out into the mountain belt of South Siberia. It has a so-called Gobi-type relief characterized by an intricate alternation of hills and small ridges and intermontane depressions of various sizes and shape. Most of this region has no outflow and has numerous salt and brackish lakes scattered over. It is crossed by the Onon River (the Pacific basin). The climate is of an arid continental type (annual precipitation about 200 mm), with a weak influence of the Pacific monsoon (SUSLOV, 1954). The winter is practically snowless, the majority of precipitation (up to 70%) falling in summer. In geobotanical respect the territory (except for the Adon-Chelon massif) belongs to the Central Asian (Daur-Mongolian) Subregion of the Steppen Region of Eurasia, mostly to the Mongolian Steppen Province, East-Mongolian Subprovince (LAVRENKO et al., 1991).

At present the two Torei Lakes, Barun-Torei and Zun-Torei (597 m above sea level), connected by the Utycha strait, are large water bodies with milky-white, slightly mineralized soda water (calcium and magnium carbonates at the current concentration of about 1 g/l), practically lacking macrophytes. These lakes have an imperfect cyclicity with a period of about 30 years; in each cycle they disappear and turn into salines. Currently the lakes enjoy a maximum filling and minimum mineralization. They are fed by the waters of the Uldza or Uldz-Gol River, flowing in from the south. It is from this river that recolonization with aquatic invertebrates and fish (Carassius auratus gibelio (Bloch), Phoxinus sp., Misgurnus anguillicaudatus (Cantor)) takes place when the lakes reappear. The SW bank of Lake Barun-Torei at the cordon Bulum-Khuduk is boggy and covered with reed thickets, the other banks of the Torei Lakes are mostly hard, locally rimmed with narrow thickets of sedge and Iris lactea Pallas. The lowest lands along the banks are covered by slightly saline phytocenoses with large tussocks of the grass Achnatherum splendens (Trin.) Nevski, but most surroundings are occupied by zonal true steppes and dry steppes. Up to middle or late June the steppe is practically lifeless, but summer rains turn it green and covered with numerous flowers.

There is a hilly ridge along the northern bank of Lake Zun-Torei, with a gentle northern and rather steep southern slope. Major hills of this ridge are called, from west to east, Chikhalan, Gydyrgun (746 m above sea level), Kuku-Khadan (745 m), Khodonyata (Erel'dzhin), covered with dry steppe, on rocks and in ravines with patches of shrubby (Spiraea pubescens Turcz., Ulmus macrocarpa Hance, Ribes diacanthum Pallas.) vegetation and rarely groups of Ulmus pumila L. trees.

10 km west of the SW corner of Lake Barun-Torei there are two small lakes, Nizhnii Mukei (on Russian territory) and Ded Mukei Nur (on the Mongolian territory). Their water is strongly mineralized (chlorides and sulfates at concentrations about 17 g/l), although some freshwater springs discharge into the lake (V. OBYAZOV, personal communication). This high mineralization, however, still allows a great abundance of invertebrates (Copepoda, Corixidae, larvae of Dytiscidae and Enallagma cyathigerum risi).

The so-called Tsasucheiskii Bor is a unique forest extending for 40 km longitudinally and 50 latitudinally southwards of the Onon River. It is formed by a peculiar form of the pine tree, Pinus silvestris krylovii (Serg. et Kondr.) Busik, adapted to an extreme arid environment. It a dense part of the forest, formed mostly by both Krylov's pine and the introduced common pine Pinus silvestris silvestris L., 18 km SW of the village Nizhnii Tsasuchei, the small mesotrophic Lake Betevken and the smaller and very shallow lake Malyi Betevken are situated. Dragonflies were collected on these lakes and in an open part of the forest along the right side of the Onon River valley.

The Onon valley was studied from 15 km upstream to 2 km downstream of the village Nizhnii Tsasuchei. The valley is mostly very wide (up to 7 km), with local rock outcrops (mostly on the left side), accompanied by shrub thickets, and hills about 100 m above the river (643 m above sea level at Nizhnii Tsasuchei). They, as well as the land adjacent to the left side of the valley, are covered with specific Daurian meadow steppes, rich in herb species. Open stand of Krylov’s pine, being the edge of Tsasucheiskii Bor, covers the land adjacent to the right valley side. The Onon is a large and fast river with a clear water and a pebble bed. Its capacity is very unstable; a powerful flood occurs in middle summer, but the dates vary greatly yearly. The river forms many arms, some of which dry up or are fed with cold ground water when the river level is low. At the village of Nizhnii Tsasuchei there are two stable arms, Staryi Onon, the left, and Novyi Onon, the right, with the Kharganai island between them. The floodlands are covered with meadow vegetation or tussock bogs, in the middle summer mostly inundated, willow thickets and, on left bank, open stands of Populus suaveolens Fischer. At a widened section of the right bank floodland above the embankment of the bridge on the highway Aginskoe - Nizhnii Tsasuchei (7 km upstream of the latter), there are several chains of shallow eutrophic oxbows with a rich water vegetation and invertebrate fauna. Among them, Lake Kudon, situated 12 km W of Nizhnii Tsasuchei, is remarkable. The oxbows seem to have most diverse odonatofauna among the water bodies.

Adon-Chelon is a part of the mountain massif of Sherlovaya Gora, 65 km east of Nizhnii Tsasuchei. The mountain Tsagan-Obo reaches 985 m above sea level. The massif is composed of a number of gentle ridges covered with luxuriant Dauran meadow steppes and crowned with impressive granite rocks, with bush thickest at their foots. Between the Adon-Chelon and Nizhnii Tsasuchei, the small winding Borzya rivulet flows in a wide boggy valley.

Collecting sites

The main collection sites (see Fig. 1) are listed below:

Loc. 1. The Novyi Onon arm right bank 2 km downstream of Nizhnii Tsasuchei village.

Loc. 2. Open stand of pine trees of the forest called Tsasucheiskii Bor, within few km south and west of Nizhnii Tsasuchei, mostly along the highway.

Loc. 3. The right bank floodland and terrace (the latter is covered with open pine forest) of the Novyi Onon arm between Verkhnii Tsasuchei village (adjacent to Nizhnii Tsasuchei from the west) and the bridge.

Loc. 4. Oxbows on the Onon right bank floodland just upstream of the embankment of the highway Aginskoe-Nizhnii Tsasuchei, 7 km W of the latter. During a flood of the Onon River in early June 1995, all these water bodies became arms of the Onon.

Loc. 5. Upper Floodland: water bodies of the same type between the bridge and the hill Kuruntei (15 km W of Nizhnii Tsasuchei). Most part of the collections were made on small Lake Kudon 12 km W of Nizhnii Tsasuchei.

Loc. 6. The Onon River left bank 5-10 km upstream of Nizhnii Tsasuchei, including the Malyi Batur hill environs.

Loc. 7. Lake Betevken in the Tsasucheiskii Bor pine forest 18 km SW of Nizhnii Tsasuchei.

Loc. 8. Malyi Betevken, a small shallow lake about 1 km of Lake Betevken.

Loc. 9. The Borzya Rivulet valley 16 km upstream of its mouth.

Loc. 10. The Adon-Chelon massif, with the mountain Tsagan-Obo, 10-15 km NNW of Tasyrkhoi village, west of Sherlovaya Gora settlement.

Loc. 11. Lake Nizhnii Mukei on the Russian/Mongolian border 10 km W of the SW corner of Lake Barun-Torei.

Loc. 12. Lake Uglovoe, a small lake SE of the SE corner of Lake Barun-Torei.

Loc. 13. The SW bank of Lake Barun-Torei, at the Bulum-Khuduk cordon.

Loc. 14. The surroundings of the border service light house Nipsei south of the Bulum-Khuduk cordon at the SW corner of Lake Barun-Torei

Loc. 15. The Borokholoi Rivulet, falling into the Torei Lakes at Utycha strait.

Loc. 16. The Utycha strait between the Torei Lakes.

Loc. 17. The banks of the isthmus between the Torei Lakes at the Teli hill and Khotogor bay.

Loc. 18. The NW bank of Lake Zun-Torei at the foot of the Chikhalan hill.

Loc. 19. The southern slope of the Kuku-Khadan hill and the adjacent NE bank of Lake Zun-Torei.

Loc. 20. The surroundings of the Khodonyata (Erel’dzhin) hill at the BE bank of Lake Zun-Torei

Loc. 21. The surroundings of the Solovyovsk railway station.

The following sites at the Torei Lakes are situated on the territory of Mongolian Republic:

Loc. 22. 18 km WSW of Erentsav railway station, a bank meadow at Lake Barun-Torei

Loc. 23. 4 km of Chulun-Khorot village, SW of Lake Barun-Torei.

Loc. 24. Lake Duro-Nur on the Uldz-Gol River.

Loc. 25. Shudu-Gol: the loop of the Shudu-Gol River 25-28 km S of the station Erentsav.

Loc. 26. The western bank of Lake Khukh-Nur.

Loc. 27. The Eltrud mountain 10 km ESE of the Duchiyn Gol River mouth.

Loc. 28. The Avdar-Tolgoi mountain, at the Duchiyn Gol River mouth.

Collectors were as follows: August 7-15, 1989: E. Maksimenko; – June 14-17, 1995: V. Dubatolov & I. Lyubechanskii; – June 18-26, 1995: O. Kosterin & O. Berezina, with participation of I. Lyubechanskii and V. Smirnova; – June 28-July 5, 1995; July 16-August 10, 1997: O. Kosterin & O. Berezina; – July 25-August 9, 1995: A. Korolyuk; – August 16-24, 1995; July 18-August 23, 1996: V. Dubatolov; – June 29-July 16, 1996: O. Kosterin. Otherwise, the collectors are specified below.

Annotated list of species.

Asterisks (*) stand for the species first recorded in Transbaikalia. Figures in parentheses at the end of the "Material" paragraph designate the total number of specimens collected. Collections made in 1995 more or less reflect relative abundance of species within suborders; collections of 1996 and 1997 were made selectively. Collections for the second half of July and August in 1995 and 1996 were made by non-odonatologists and not systematically. In some cases when variation is characterized, the number of specimens mentioned is less than the total, as some specimens were sent to other odonatologists before analysis.


1. Lestes dryas Kirby, 1890

Material. – 4: 1 ♀ , 5-VII-95. – 5: 1 ♂, 19-VII-97. – 13: 1 ♂, 3-VII-95. – 16: 1 ♀, 7-VIII- 89. – 1 ♂, 1 ♀, "Torei Lakes", 13-VIII-89. (6).

Rather rare. Not found on Lake Kudon, where only Lestes sponsa occurred, but both species collected on a dried up oxbow few km apart. In Siberia L. dryas is as a rule found on a variety of water bodies, including very small ones, while L. sponsa usually inhabits larger waters and with a greater abundance (BELYSHEV, 1973; KOSTERIN, 1996). Neither species is numerous in the Onon valley.

2. Lestes sponsa (Hansemann, 1823)

GORB et al., 1996.

Material. – 3: 1 ♂, 1 ♀ , 19-VII-97. – 4: 1 ♀, 15-VII-96. – 5: 6 ♂, 2 ♀, 23-VIII-96; 3 ♂, 18-VII-97; 5 ♂, 4 ♀, 10-VIII-97. – 11: 1 ♂, 1 ♀, 2-VIII-96. – 16: 2 ♂, 3 ♀, 7-VIII-89. – "Torei Lakes": 10 ♂, 1 ♀, 13.VIII 89. – 15: 3 ♂, 1 ♀, 13-VIII-89. – 27: 1 ♂, 1 ♀ , 23-VII-96. (46)

A teneral female collected on August 15 had a distinctly yellow occiput, with a sharp border of yellow and bronze. Such a colouration of the occiput is characteristic for Lestes barbarus (Fabricius, 1798), L. japonicus Selys, 1883, and L. virens (Charpentier, 1825). Among teneral females of L. sponsa one may find individuals with a yellow occiput, which has not been yet acquired a bronze colour, but with a diffuse border. All details of morphology of the female mentioned were typical for L. sponsa, as corroborated by Drs. E. I. Malikova and R. Jödicke. Most probably that individual expressed some anomaly of colour development after hatching.

3. Sympecma paedisca (Brauer, 1877).

GORB et al., 1996: Sympecma annulata Selys.

Material. – 1: 6 ♂, 18-VI-95, 1 ♂, 9-VIII-97. – 2: 2 ♂, 3 ♀, 22.VIII 96. – 3: 1 ♂, 1 ♀, 17-VIII-95; 1 ♂, 1 ♀, 30-VI-96; 1 ♀ , 18-VIII-96; 1 ♂, 17-VII-97. – 4: 2 ♀, 22-VIII-95. – 5: 1 ♀, 16-VII-96; 2 ♀, 23-VIII-96; 1 ♀, 10-VIII-97. – 7: 2 ♂, 4-VII-96. – 8: 6 ♂, 3 ♀, 26-VI-95. – 9: 7 ♂, 6 ♀, 21-VI-95. – 10: 2 ♀, 19-VI-95; 1 ♂, 21-VI-95. – 11: few specimens visually, 24-VI-95. – 13: 2 ♂, 23-VI-95; 2 ♂, 23-VIII-95. – 14: 1 ♀, 15-VI-95. – 17: 1 ♂, 25-VI-95; 3 ♂, 29-VI-96. – 19: 1 ♂, 1 ♀, 24-VI-95. – 22: 1 ♀, 22-VII-96. (63)

In a majority of specimens there is only one small gap in the mesepisternal band in the fore part of the pterothorax, while in others the band is contiguous. Thus, our damseflies formally correspond to subspecies braueri Bianchi, 1905, while for the adjacent Inner Mongolia "Sympecma paedisca annulata Selys, 1887" was reported (MA et al., 1991). In the latter subspecies the band should be not only split into fragments, as in the nominotypical one, but much reduced. Such specimens can hardly be expected from that area, so there might be a misidentification, as was obviously done by GORB et al. (1996). In fact, there is a cline for progressive reduction of the band in the southern directions, so JÖDICKE (1997) has synonymized all the subspecies within S. paedisca.

An omnipresent damselfly, the least confined to water among all, common as well on various water bodies as far away from them. Its apparent abundance together with such a wide dispersion implies it is likely the most abundant damselfly in this region as well as in Siberia in general. Besides, it hibernates in the imaginal phase, so that the imagines are observed throughout the warm season.


4. Coenagrion glaciale (Selys, 1872)

Material. – 4: 2 ♂, 29-VI-95; 3 ♂, 5-VII-96. (5)

The species is characterized by an early flight period, which was probably over before most of our observations. This may explain why it is so seemingly scarce.

5. Coenagrion armatum (Charpentier, 1840)

GORB et al., 1996

Material. – 5: 1 ♂, 1 ♀, 5-VII-96; 1 ♂, 1 ♀, 16-VII-96; 1 ♀, 18-VII-97. – 8: 6 ♂, 4 ♀, 26-VI-95. – 9: 3 ♂, 8 ♀, 21-VI-95, 6 ♂, 4 ♀, 8-VII-96. – 10: 1 ♂, 19-VI-95; 1 ♂, 20-VI-95. – 13: 1 ♂, 3 ♀, 23-VI-95; 1 ♀, 3-VII-95. – 17: 3 ♂, 6 ♀, 25-VI-95. – 19: 2 ♂, 2 ♀, 24-VI-95. (56)

A common damselfly on any type of water (except for a saltish Lake Mukei), found also far from water.

6. Coenagrion lunulatum (Charpentier, 1840)

GORB et al., 1996

Material. – 4: 21 ♂, 9 ♀, 18-VI-95; 11 ♂, 29-VI-95; 2 ♂, 30-VI-96; 1 ♂, 3-VII-96. – 5: 2 ♂, 2-VII-96; 3 ♂, 1 ♀, 18-VII-97. – 7: 21 ♂, 6 ♀, 25-VI-95. – 8: 25 ♂, 3 ♀, 26-VI-95. – 9: 19 ♂, 7 ♀, 21-VI-95; 3 ♀, 8-VII-96. – 10: 3 ♂, 2 ♀, 19-VI-95. – 11: 2 ♂, 15-VI-95; 1 ♂, 24-VI-95; 8 ♂, 4 ♀, 2-VII-95. – 13: 2 ♂, 2 ♀, 23-VI-95; 2 ♂, 2 ♀, 3-VII-95. – 17: 1 ♂, 3 ♀, 25-VI-95; 1 ♀, 29-VI-96. – 19: 3 ♂, 24-VI-95. (170)

It should be noted that the legends to the figures depicting the female pronotums of C. armatum and C. lunulatum in GORB et al. (1996) have been inverted.

The most abundant damselfly species on the majority of water bodies, except for the Torei Lakes where it is less abundant than C. ecornutum, and Lake Mukei where few specimens were seen, probably immigrated from Lake Barun-Torei.

7. Coenagrion lanceolatum (Selys, 1872)

Material. – 4: 5 ♂, 4 ♀ (teneral), 18-VI-95; 12 ♂, 8 ♀, 29-VI-95; 20 ♂, 1 ♀, 30-VI-96; 3 ♂, 16-VII-97; 4 ♂, 3 ♀, 17-VII-97. – 5: 7 ♂, 4 ♀, 2-VII-96; 1 ♂, 3 ♀, 5-VII-96; 1 ♀, 16-VII-96; 7 ♂, 7 ♀, 18-VII-97; 3 ♂, 10-VIII-97. – 8: 4 ♂, 26-VI-95. – 9: 1 ♂, 2 ♀, 8-VII-96. 10: 1 ♂, 2 ♀, 19-VI-95; 1 ♂, 20-VI-95; 1 ♂, 21-VI-95. – 19: 2 ♀, 24-VI-95. (107)

Males sometimes are found with lateral black strokes on tergite II, as in the related Coenagrion hastulatum (Charpentier, 1825), their identity with C. lanceolatum being, however, clear from the anal appendage structure.

The species is common on many water bodies (not on Lake Mukei) and seems to be most abundant in the Onon floodland. The imagines emerge in middle/late June.

8. Coenagrion ecornutum (Selys, 1872)

GORB et al., 1996

Material. – 4: 1 ♀, 29-VI-95; 3 ♂, 2 ♀, 30-VI-96; 1 ♀, 3-VII-96. – 5: 5 ♂, 1 ♀, 2-VII-96; 2 ♀, 5-VII-96; 4 ♂, 2 ♀, 16-VII-96; 8 ♂, 5 ♀, 18-VII-97. – 9: 2 ♂, 10 ♀ (teneral), 21.VI 95; 5 ♂, 3 ♀, 8-VII-96. – 7: 1 ♀, 25-VI-95. – 8: 2 ♂, 2 ♀, 26-VI-95. – 10: 1 ♀, 19-VI-95; 1 ♀, 20-VI-95. – 11: 1 ♂, 1 ♀, 24-VI-95. – 13: 23 ♂, 36 ♀ ( ♂ostly teneral), 23-VI-95; 5 ♂, 3-VII-95. – 17: 2 ♂, 3 ♀, 25-VI-95. – 16: 1 ♂, 2 ♀, 25-VI-95 (Lyubechanskii leg.). – 18: 1 ♀, 12-VII-96. 19: 3 ♂, 1 ♀, 24-VI-95. – 26: 4 ♂, 1 ♀, 23-VII-96. (145)

BELYSHEV (1973) considered this species to be rare east of the upper Ob' River basin, but MALIKOVA (1995) noted it is abundant in Transbaikalia and the Far East.

This is the most abundant damselfly of the Torei Lakes (and, most probably, of the Borzya Rivulet valley). On 23-VI-95 in the reed thickets at the cordon Bulum-Khuduk a mass emergence was observed, while on the next visit on 3-VI-95 their abundance was quite moderate. Probably the damselflies had partly emigrated from the lake. Their ability of such migrations seems to be supported by their concentration on the southern slope of the hill Kuku-Khadan facing Lake Zun-Torei.

9. *Cercion v-nigrum (Needham, 1930)

Material. – 4: 1 ♂, 1 ♀, 29-VI-95. – 5: 2 ♂, 2.VII 96; 4 ♂, 2 ♀, 5-VII-96; 13 ♂, 15-VII-96; 2 ♂, 1 ♀ ,16-VII-96; 1 ♀, 10-VIII-97. (27)

This species ranges from China to the southern Primorye (BELYSHEV, 1973) and was found recently in the Amur valley in the surroundings of Blagoveshchensk (MALIKOVA, 1993, 1997a) but had not been reported for Transbaikalia. This record shifts the border of the known range of the species much to the west. Most probably, it coincides with the Amur (Heilongjiang) River basin.

MA et al., (1991) reported Cercion sexlineatum (Selys, 1883) (properly to be named Cercion melanotum (Selys, 1876) (MAY, 1997)) for the adjacent regions of Inner Mongolia, but not C. v-nigrum. The latter species was described from a single male by J. NEEDHAM (1930). Unfortunately, he differentiated them in his key by the humeral black stripe of the pterothorax, contiguous versus split by a light streak lengthwise. The type specimen had a contiguous stripe, but later it was found that this character is variable. Figures in BELYSHEV (1973) well show this variation ranging from the absence of a dividing light streak to a complete separation of the two elements of the stripe by such a streak. ASAHNA (1961, 1989) reported on specimens in which the stripe is divided in the rear part, as in C. melanotum. It is possible that MA et al. (1991) had in hand specimens of C. v-nigrum but, identifying them using Needham's key, called them C. sexlineatum (i.e. melanotum).

Our specimens fit perfectly with C. v-nigrum in all characters. They show the following variation of the humeral stripe: in 4 males and 4 females the stripe is divided throughout its entire length, the two elements contacting each other by a tiny anastomosis only at the hind end of the stripe; in 6 males the stripe is divided but there are anastomoses at both ends so that the light streak is isolated from the ground colour of the pterothorax; in 10 males and 1 female the stripe is divided with an isolated light streak only in its hind part.

The species is rather common on stagnant eutrophic oxbows of the Onon River right floodlands above the bridge, especially on Lake Kudon. The males tend to sit on the leaves of water plants floating on the surface. They share this feature of behaviour with Erythromma najas. On evidence of larval morphology, HEIDEMANN & SEIDENBUSCH (1993) synonymized Cercion with Erythromma, and behaviour seems to reinforce that position.

10. Erythromma najas humerale Selys, 1887.

Material. – 4: 1 ♀ (teneral), 18-VI-95; 6 ♂, 1 ♀, 29-VI-95; 6 ♂, 30-VI-96. – 5: 3 ♂, 2-VII-96; 6 ♂, 1 ♀, 5-VII-96; 9 ♂, 3 ♀, 15-VII-96; 1 ♂, 16-VII-96; 3 ♂, 2 ♀, 17-VII-97; 1 ♂, 18-VII-97; 1 ♀, 10-VIII-97. – 13: 2 ♂ (one teneral), 3-VIII-96. – 18: 1 ♂, 12-VII-96. (47)

The taxon humerale, ranging east of Pribaikalye (i.e. Lake Baikal area), was considered as a subspecies of E. najas (Hansemann, 1823), but recently it was given species rank (MALIKOVA, 1995; INOUE & TANI, 2001; etc.). MALIKOVA (1955 and pers. comm.) came to this conclusion because of the smaller size of the eastern taxon and quantitative differences in larval morphology. In contrast, she considered the presence and expression of the dark-yellow stripes on the mesepisternum in males as individually variable and, hence, of no taxonomic value, while these stripes were specified by BELYSHEV (1973) as diagnostic features of subspecies baicalensis Belyshev from East Siberia (synonymized with humerale by MALIKOVA (1995)) and "humeralis" (considered by him as ranging in the Far East). I think that the reasons proposed are insufficient for separation of najas and humerale at the level of species and refer at most to subspecies. R. Seidenbusch (pers. comm.) also found no differences of a species rank between European najas and Japanese humerale. Among 36 examined males collected in the area considered, in 8 the stripes were present throughout the length of the mesepisternum as they should be in humerale (in one male they are very broad), in 26 they are expressed only in the lower half of the mesepisternum , as they should be in baicalensis according to the original description (BELYSHEV, 1964), in 1 they are very short, and in 1 they are absent, as in the typical najas.

These damselflies were common on oxbows of the Onon right bank floodland upstream of the bridge embankment. In good weather the males almost exclusively stick to open water where they rest on emerging vegetation or floating leaves and sticks. In early July 1995 all these pools were inundated by the Onon. Occasional damselflies were observed in the grass of non-inundated plots, but no Erythromma were seen among them. In 1996 no changes of the Odonata community were noticed on these water bodies, stagnant throughout the season. In 1996 E. najas was found, although rare, also on the Torei Lakes, which seem not too suitable for this species, which needs abundant floating vegetation.

11. Enallagma cyathigerum risi Schmidt, 1961

Gorb et al., 1996

Material: 1: 2 ♂, 3 ♀, 28-VI-95. – 2: 1 ♂, 20-VII-97. – 4: 2 ♀ (teneral), 29-VI-95; 2 ♂ (teneral), 30-VI-96. – 5: 1 ♂, 2-VII-96; 1 ♀, 5-VII-96; 1 ♂, 15-VII-96; 2 ♂, 2 ♀, 18-VII-97; 3 ♂, 10-VIII-97. – 7 & 8: 10 ♂, 5 ♀, 25-VI-95; 1 ♀, 26-VI-95; 3 ♂, 4-VII-96. – 9: 8 ♂, 8 ♀, 21-VI-95. – 10: 1 ♂, 2 ♀, 19-VI-95; 3 ♀, 20-VI-95; 1 ♂, 9-VII-96. – 11: 2 ♂, 5 ♀ (teneral), 15-VI-95; 12 ♂, 5 ♀, 2-VII-95; 1 ♂, 24-VIII-95; 4 ♂, 5 ♀, 7-VII-96; 2 ♂, 2 ♀, 2-VIII-96. – 13: 1 ♀, 7.VII 96. – 15: 1 ♂, 13-VIII-89. – 17: 6 ♂, 3 ♀, 25-VI-95; 1 ♀, 29-VI-96. – 19: 4 ♂, 2 ♀, 24-VI-95; 3 ♂, 3 ♀, 24-VII-95; 1 ♂, 9-VIII-97. – 18: 9 ♂, 11 ♀; 12-VII-96. – 20: 1 ♂, 1 ♀; 15-VIII-96. – "Torei Lakes": 11 ♂, 13-VIII-89. – 22: 1 ♂, 24-VII-96. – 24: 6 ♂, 6 ♀, 23-VII-96. – 26: 3 ♂, 23-VII-96. – 27: 1 ♂, 23-VII-96. – 28: 1 ♀, 24-VII-96. (174)

All male specimens have the upper anal appendages corresponding to the taxon Enallagma risi Schmidt, 1961, described from Afghanistan and repeatedly reported from Mongolia and South Siberia (BELYSHEV, 1973). The characteristic feature of the upper appendage is a small yellow lip situated proximally and ventrally of a robust dark terminal tooth, directed inwards and down (Fig. 2, 4). Although there is some variation in the shape of the appendages, the feature is stable. Such characters will be referred to in the text as "risi-type". Females have a more erect mesostigmal plate than in the nominotypical subspecies. SEIDENBUSCH (1997) and SAMRAOUI et al. (2002) communicated that all specimens from Central Asia belong to the same type.

Fig. 2. Details of morphology of Ophiogomphus spinicornis Selys, 1878, the Onon River (1-3) and Enallagma cyathigerum risi Schmidt 1961, Lake Zun-Torei (4). 1, female valvular vulvae; 2, female horns; 3, 4, male anal appendages

All Enallagma specimens from Europe and Asia Minor (SEIDENBUSCH, 1997; SAMRAOUI et al., 2002), as well as those referred to as E. cyathigerum annexum Hagen, 1861 from North America (R. Seidenbusch and E. I. Malikova, pers. comm.), have the yellow lip situated distally of the terminal tooth, which is not so robust, its hind margin being directed behind. Europe and Asia Minor are inhabited by the nominotypical Enallagma cyathigerum cyathigerum Charpentier, 1840, so this type of appendages will further be called "cyathigerum-type". The same structure is exhibited by specimens from the Okhot Sea coast, Kamchatka and Yakutia, often melanistic, described by BARTENEV (1956) as Agrion antiquum Bartenev, 1856 and by BELYSHEV (1956) as Enallagma circulatum continentale Belyshev, 1956, later referred to by Belyshev as Enallagma cyathigerum ab. desertiformis Belyshev, 1972, and then as Enallagma cyathigerum ab. nigrolineata [sic] Belyshev, 1973 (BELYSHEV, 1973). Later A. Haritonov and B Belyshev redescribed them as a bona fide species, Enallagma nigrolineatum Belyshev et Haritonov, 1975 (HARITONOV, 1975), although the name antiquum has a priority (as proposed at a higher rank than simultaneously introduced continentale). The same appendage structure is found in Amurland, Primorye (MALIKOVA, 1995) and Korea (ASAHINA, 1989)

I had an opportunity to examine the rich collections of Enallagma from the collection of Siberian Zoological Museum at the Institute of Systematics and Ecology of Animals, Novosibirsk. It turned out that all specimens from the northern Caspian region, Chelyabinsk Province, and the southern part of the West-Siberian Lowland (surroundings of Omsk, Novosibirsk, Tomsk, Biisk) invariably belong to the risi-type. It is this type of anal appendages that is illustrated in the monograph by BELYSHEV (1973) for "Enallagma cyathigerum." Among specimens from Sverdlovsk Province, the Altai Mts., Irkutsk Province and Buryatia the structure of the upper appendages varies between the two types to such an extent that at a single locality the specimens of the cyathigerum-type, risi-type, and intermediates can be found together. In northern West Siberia, NE Asia and Kamchatka all specimens belong to the cyathigerum-type, among which melanistic individuals with variable black stripes on the sides of the abdomen can be found (it was such specimens that acquired so many names: antiquum, continentale, desertiformis, nigrolineatum).

This picture convinced me that the cyathigerum- and risi-type are structural forms within the species Enallagma cyathigerum and that Enallagma risi can not be considered as valid species (KOSTERIN, 1999). SAMRAOUI et al. (2002) came to the same conclusion after analysis of 18 S rDNA and intergenic spacers 1 and 2. Both morphological types have clear-cut ranges. The cyathigerum-type inhabits Europe, Asia Minor, northern Asia, Pacific regions south to Korea, and North America. The risi-type occupies the arid (desert, steppen and forest-steppen) zones of Asia from the Caspian Sea to Transbaikalia and Manshuria. In the zones of their contact, which are so far recognized in such more or less humid mountain regions as the Ural and Altai mountains and the mountains of the Baikal region, which protrude into the forest-steppe and steppe zones, i.e. into the latitudes of a zonal range of the risi-type, intensive introgression is observed. The cyathigerum-type embraces subspecies antiquum Belyshev, 1956 from NE Asia (certainly no more than a subspecies). Two taxa described within the risi-type: Enallagma strouhali Quentin, 1962 (Harbin, China), Enallagma cyathigerum mongolicum Benedek, 1968 (Mongolia) have been synonymized with risi (MAY, 1997). There is, however, a probability that the priority name for the risi-type damselflies is rotundatum Bartenev, 1929. BARTENEV (1929) described his Enallagma cyathigerum var. rotundatum from the West Caucasus (Krasnaya Polyana, the mountains above Sochi). The types are lost, the figure is poor and the description is brief, yet the characterization of the male upper appendages lateral view fits well to the risi-type. It was claimed (and confimed by later sources) that Transcaucasia is inhabited by typical cyathigerum. It is also possible that the West Caucasus is occupied by the risi-type indeed (or, more probably, by transitional forms), as well as the steppes of south-eastern European Russia (a specimen I have from Astrakhan' is a clear-cut risi-type). Therefore, the name risi Schmidt, 1961 is provisorily applied to the subspecies considered, and obtaining of the topotypical material from Krasnaya Polyana is of utmost necessity.

In the region studied these dragonflies inhabit all stagnant water bodies. This species predominates on Lakes Betevken and Malyi Betevken and is the only one developing en masse in Lake Nizhnii Mukei. On Lake Zun-Torei these damselflies were observed on 12/13-VII-96 still emerging on the leaves of Iris lactea.

12. Ishnura elegans (van der Linden, 1823)

Material. – 5 (Lake Kudon): 1 ♂, 15-VII-96. – 13 (in reed thickets): 1 ♀, 23-VI-95. (2).

Abundant in the western part of its range but local and rare in East Siberia and the Far East (MALIKOVA, 1995).


13. Aeshna mixta Latreille, 1805.

GORB et al., 1996.

Material. 2: 3 ♂, 1 ♀, 10-VIII-97. 3: 1 ♂, 18-VIII-96; 1 ♂, 3-VIII-96. – 10: 2 ♂, 2 ♀, 11-VIII-95. 13: 1 ♂, 3-VIII-96. – 19: 1 ♀, 9-VIII-97. – 16: 1 ♂, 18-19-VIII-95. – 15: 2 ♂, 5 ♀, 13-VIII-89. – 21: 2 ♂, 1 ♀, VII-89. (23).

A lateflying dragonfly that appears in August. Rather abundant at forest edges and in open tree stands in Tsasucheiskii Bor, as well as above the upper part of the southern slope of the hill Kuku-Khadan facing Lake Zun-Torei. In contrast to Aeshna crenata, which usually patrols a certain individual areas with rather an even and straight flight along a more or less stable route, or Aeshna juncea, which flies in abundance without conflicts between individuals with even and straight flight, this species has an erratic twisting flight, as if examining tree branches, grass plots or rocks.

14. Aeshna crenata Hagen, 1856

Material. – 1: 2 ♂, 1 ♀; 20-VII-96. – 3: 1 ♂, 1 ♀ (with dark wings), 31-VII-96; 1 ♂, 18-VIII-96; 1 ♂, 21-VIII-96; 1 ♂, 2 ♀, 16-VII-97; 4 & 5: 1 ♀ (teneral), 5-VII-96; 9 ♂, 1 ♀, 15-VII-96; 5 ♂, 1 ♀, 16-VII-96; 1 ♂, 18-VII-97, 1 ♀, 10-VIII-97. – 5: 5 ♂, 11-VII-96 (34).

Two females collected on 31-VII-96 had darkened wings, a common feature of this species throughout Siberia.

A predominating Aeshna species in the Onon floodland. Its mass emergence starts in middle July on the stagnant eutrophic Onon oxbows, where numerous exuviae appear on the bank sedges and snags. Males patrol individual areas above the water or near it and are very numerous on stagnant oxbows and few on slow-current temporary arms of the Onon. Females are observed at the water as well as, most frequently, flying among sparse tree stands of riparian poplars or pines.

15. Aeshna serrata Hagen, 1856

Gorb et al., 1996.

Material. – 6: 1 ♀, 11-VII-96. – 13: 1 ♀, 3-VII-95. – 17: 1 ♂, 1 ♀, 27.VII 95 (4).

These sites seem to represent the easternmost (and not very abundant) populations of this species in Russia (BELYSHEV [1973] thought this species to penetrate eastward to the longitude of Lake Baikal only), in good accordance with the existence here of the most eastern steppes, with which this species is undoubtedly associated.

16. Aeshna juncea (Linnaeus, 1758)

Gorb et al., 1996.

Material. – 2: 2 ♂, 2 ♀, 14-VII-96; 1 ♂, 5-VIII-96; 2 ♂, 10-VIII-97. – 3: 1 ♂, 15-VII-96 (V. Dubatolov leg.), 1 ♀, 19-VII-97. (9).

Abundant in Tsasucheiskii Bor, where it flies in glades and open pine stands from middle July onwards. The dragonflies exhibit a swarming flight behaviour, i.e. aggregated in certain places without fights among individuals. During daylight they fly several metres above the ground, gradually descending to the very ground in twilight. This species was not observed at the water where patrolling males and ovipositing females of A. crenata were seen. BELYSHEV (1973) thought A. crenata is capable of excluding A. juncea from water. The question is open if A. juncea in this region develops mostly in some other water bodies or appears at the water later in the season.

17.*Anax parthenope julius Brauer, 1865.

Material: 11: 2.VII 95 - fore and hind wings of a female.

Hitherto known from Russian Transbaikalia only by a visual observation by BELYSHEV (1973) at Lake Gusinoe, Republic Buryatia. According to venation, the wings collected at Lake Nizhnii Mukei belong undoubtedly to the genus Anax. It is A. parthenope Selys, 1839 that is known from the adjacent regions of Mongolian People's Republic (BELYSHEV & HARITONOV, 1981) and Inner Mongolia (MA et. al., 1991). There is no doubt we also deal with this species. The pterostigma length is 5.5 mm in the fore wing and 6 mm in the hind wing, i.e. not less than 5 mm, and these measurements, according to BELYSHEV (1973), correspond to the subspecies A. p. julius Brauer, inhabiting the eastern part of the range of the species.

When visiting Lake Nizhnii Mukei on 2-VII-95 we also observed dragonflies of this family . We disturbed several very teneral individuals resting about 10 m from the water. In addition, a few dragonflies flew above the slope of a hill facing the southern bank of the lake, keeping to more or less individual areas. These dragonflies corresponded to A. parthenope in size, green colouration of the thorax sides and blue on the thorax dorsum at the wing bases . Unfortunately, we failed to catch specimens.

On 20-VII-1996 a just-emerged male specimen of this species was collected by V.A. Brinikh in the Alkhanai National Park on lakes near Eber-Alkhanai (150 km NW of Lake Nizhnii Mukei). This is a first specimen collected from Transbaikalia, providing evidence that this species not only occurs but also breeds in this territory.


18.*Ophiogomphus spinicornis Selys, 1878

Material. – 1: 1 ♂, 1 ♀, 28-VI-95; 1 ♀, 16-VIII-96. – 2: 6 ♂, 4 ♀, 14-VII-96; 1 ♂, 2 ♀, 5-VIII-96; 1 ♀, 10-VIII-97. – 3: 1 ♀, 30-VI-95; 5 ♂, 4 ♀, 5-VII-95; 2 ♂, 17-VIII-95; 3 ♂, 5 ♀, 2-VII-96; 3 ♂, 15-VII-96; 2 ♀, 31-VII-96; 1 ♂, 18-VIII-96; 1 ♂, 23-VIII-96; 2 ♂, 16-VII-97. – 5: 1 ♂, 18-VII-97. – 6 (a floodland): 1 ♂, 1-VII-95. – 1 ♂, 1f, 18-VIII-96. 6: 5 ♂, 7f, 11-VII-96 (Kosterin, Dubatolov leg.). (62)

Hitherto known from China (from Hopei in the south to Inner Mongolia in the north) and Mongolia (ASAHINA, 1979). For Russia it was mentioned only in Table 1 in BELYSHEV et al. (1989) from the East Asiatic (Amurian) Zoogeographic Subregion (including the Upper Amurland and Primorye), without textual references. This geographical attribtion was in error (pers. comm. by S. Borisov). It was not mentioned in a later assessment of the fauna of this region (MALIKOVA, 1995). Noteworthy, it was reported from the adjacent territory of Inner Mongolia only for the basin of the Noini (Nunjian) River, a tributary of the Sungari River, i.e. at the eastern foot of the Great Hingan Mts. [Da Hinggan Ling], for the sites Yalaid Qi and Horquin Youyi Zhongqi, i.e. about 700 km SE of our territory (MA et al., 1991).

The species differs from a similar Ophiogomphus cecilia (Geoffroy in Fourcroy, 1785) in the male anal appendages (the upper ones being robust, curved inwards, 2/3 longer than the lower ones, see Fig 2, 3), in a more widely incised valvular vulvae in females (Fig. 2, 1), and in a somewhat larger size (ASAHINA, 1979). By these characters it approaches to some extent to the Central Asian/Indian Ophiogomphus reductus Calvert, 1898. I found that dragonflies "combining characters of Ophiogomphus serpentinus and O. reductus," abundantly inhabiting the Tes-Khem River in South Tuva, mentioned in ZAIKA & KOSTERIN (1992), belonged in fact to O. spinicornis. BELYSHEV (1973) considered the taxa cecilia, obscurus Bartenev, 1930, reductus, and, presumably, spinicornis as subspecies of the same species O. cecilia while other authors provided convincing evidence that they are true species (BARTENEV, 1930; ASAHINA, 1979; HARITONOV & BORISOV, 1990). BELYSHEV (1973) noted that at Lake Gusinoe (not far from Lake Baikal) he met with "cecilia, obscurus, and individuals transitory between them". I failed to find these in the collection of Siberian Zoological Museum at the Institute of Systematics and Ecology of Animals, Novosibirsk, but found instead three doubtless specimens of O. spinicornis from the southern coast of Baikal: a male and female with the label "[Selenga River delta, Murdino]", 1-VII-85 and 11-VII-1985, respectively (B. P. Zakharov leg.), and a male from Tankhoi village, 28.VII-3.VIII 1980 (A. V. Barkalov leg.). Thus, this Mongolian-Chinese species enters the territory of Russia in S Tuva, Buryat Republic at Baikal, and Transbaikalia following steppe landscapes of a Mongolian type (although the southern coast of Lake Baikal is covered with taiga). Noteworthy, when we visited the lowest Argun’ River valley at the village Uryupino (easternmost Chita Province) in July/August 1997, which has quite woody landscapes, we found there only O. obscurus.

In addition, I examined two specimens from the the Baikal'sko-Stanovoe Upland (north-east of Baikal): a female from the Verkhnyaya Angara River (precise location, date and collector unknown) and a very similar female from the same region, collected by R. Dudko on 4-VIII-95 in an alpine belt (!), at an elevation of 1600-1770 m, western part of the Verkhneangarskii mountain range, 30 km NW of Kumora village. These two females can be reliably identified as O. cecilia. However, in this zone O. obscurus would rather be expected. They have a light spot on the vertex and the face and thorax colouration and a relative distance between the horns identical to O. cecilia (BELYSHEV, 1930; HARITONOV & BORISOV, 1990), with the only deviation towards obscurus a somewhat more developed black colouration on the abdomen (it is such specimens that could have misled B.F. Belyshev). These females differ from spinicornis by a smaller size, less widely incised valvular vulvae, and slightly more developed black colouration on the abdomen and face. Further investigation of Ophiogomphus in North Transbaikalia, as well along the intricate zones of presumed contacts of the four Palaearctic taxa is necessary to reveal their true ranges and relationships with each other.

This dragonfly is numerous along the Onon River and penetrates rather far into open parts of Tsasucheiskii Bor, where they usually rest on sunny pine branches 1.5-2 m high, less frequently on the ground.

In 1995 teneral individuals appeared in late June. Numerous exuviae of this species were collected on 16-VII-97 near the water on a shingle left bank of the Onon River under the hill Malyi Batur, where the river undermines a rocky cliff. Several exuviae were found also on the right bank 12 km upstream of Nizhnii Tsasuchei, under a sandy-loam bluff. In both places the river has a powerful flow.

It should be noted that in the Low Argun' Basin, i.e in woody conditions of the eastern extreme of Transbaikalia visited in late July/early August 1997 (11 km S of the village Uryupino), only O. obscurus was observed.

19.*Anisogomphus maackii (Selys, 1872) (= Gomphus m-flavum (Selys, 1872)).

Material. – 1: 1 specimen photographed, 14-VII-96. – 3: 1 ♀, 5-VII-95 (O. Berezina leg.); 1 ♀, 30-VI-96; 1 ♀, 16-VII-96. – The Onon River right bank 1 km upstream of the bridge: 1 ♀ + several males visually, 18.VII 97. – 6: 1 ♀, 11-VII-96 (5).

In a specimen collected in 1995 the postclypeus has no yellow spots on its sides, being entirely black. Other specimens fit the description by NEEDHAM (1930) (as Anisogomphus m-flavum) and illustrations by S. ASAHINA (1979). The smaller yellow spots on the sides of postclypeus and widened black stripes on the frons were the main traits that caused Bartenev to describe a species Temnogomphus amurensis (Bartenev, 1930) from the Blagoveshchensk District as separate from "T. m-flavum" (BELYSHEV, 1973). It was later synonimized with A. maacki (ASAHINA, 1979).

The species was known from North and Central China, Korea, Japan, and the southern Amur Province (Amurland) (ASAHINA, 1979; MALIKOVA, 1993; 1995; 1997a). Our finding extends the known range of the species westward. The closest known locality is 700 km south-east, Yalaid Qi, the Noini (Nunjian) River basin, at the eastern foot of the Great Hingan Mts. [Da Hinggan Ling], Inner Mongolia, reported together with Ophiogomphus spinicornis (MA et al., 1991). The type specimen of the species was labeled "Irkutsk," but this label indicates only the administrative centre of a vast territory. The real locality was certainly much further east.

Furthermore, on 30-VII-97 a female of this species was caught by V. V. Dubatolov in the extreme east of Chita Province, in an open birch-larch forest with some Mongolian oak on a slope of a mountains on the Argun' River left bank 11 km S of the village Uryupino.

The absence of males in our collection is intriguing. Most probably this reflects the behaviour of the species, as observed on the Onon River about 12 km upstream of Nizhnii Tsasuchei. In the evening of 18-VII-97 and at about 11-12 hr on 19-VII-97, we saw several males (up to 4 simultaneously) flying low above the swiftly running water of the Onon and chasing one another upon meeting . One of them several times perched on a light-coloured rug put near the water and was very cautious. On sunrise of 18-VII-97 we saw a female fly just above the water, collect something from the surface, and then perch on a shrub on the bank. Thus, males of this species seemed to spend most active time above the water, resting near it. Females spent more time over land but are also seen over water. I speculate that these dragonflies feed on insects floating on the surface, and their long, robust and spiny hind femora are specialized for collecting prey from the water. However, on 16-VII-96 in a riparian part of Tsasucheiskii Bor, I observed a female capturing a butterfly Coenonympha amaryllis (Stoll, 1782).

On 16-VII-97 two exuviae were collected on the left bank of the Onon under the hill Malyi Batur among numerous exuviae of O. spinicornis.

20.Stylurus flavipes (Charpentier, 1825). New synonym: = Gomphus flavipes sibiricus (Bartenev, 1909)

Gorb et al., 1996: Gomphus flavipes sibirica Bartenev

Material: 1: 2 ♂, 28-VI-95. – 2: 1 ♂, 1 ♀, 14-VII-96. – 3: 2 ♂, 1 ♀, 5-VII-95; 2 ♂, 30-VI-96; 1 ♀, 2-VII-96; 1 ♀, 15-VII-96; 1 ♂, 1 ♀, 19-VII-97. – 6: 1 ♂, 5-VII-95; 1 ♂, 1 ♀, 17-VIII-95; 1 ♀, 22-VIII-95; 1 ♂, 11-VII-96. (18).

The abdomen length is 34-35 mm in males, 36 mm in females. There seem to be no reason to recognize subspecies sibirica [sic] Bartenev, 1909. In the original description, the black pattern of the pterothorax was mentioned as a diagnostic feature. However, this pattern is variable and BELYSHEV (1973) quite reasonably rejected its relevance and supported the subspecies based only on the abdomen being less than 36 mm, but that is surely not to be considered as a reasonable ground for subspecies separation. Among our material, the humeral and antehumeral black stripes are fused both at the anterior and posterior end in 10 specimens, only at the anterior end in 12 specimens, and not fused in 2 specimens

The species is common along the Onon River but is much less numerous than O. spinicornis. Imagines appear, as in O. spinicornis, in late June. On 16-VII-97, an exuvia of S. flavipes was collected near the water on the shingle left bank of the Onon together with those of the other two gomphids present.


21. Epitheca bimaculata (Charpentier, 1825). New synonyms: = Epitheca bimaculata sibirica (Selys, 1887), = Epitheca bimaculata altaica Belyshev, 1951

Material. – 2: 1 ♀, 14-VII-96. – 3: 1 ♂, 5-VII-95; 1 ♂, 1 ♀, 2-VII-96; 1 ♂, 1 ♀, 3-VII-96; 1 ♀, 19-VII-97. – 4: 1 ♀, 18-VI-95; 1 ♂, 1 ♀, 29-VI-95; 2 ♂, 30-VI-95; 1 ♂, 1-VII-96. – 5: 3 ♂, 2 ♀, 5-VII-96. – 6 (Malyi Batyr hill): 1 ♂, 5-VII-95. – 10: 1 ♀, 20-VI-95; 1 ♀, 21-VI-95. (21).

In all our specimens the length of the hind wing is 37-39 mm, that of the abdomen (without the anal appendages) 34-39 mm. For both parametres, the value of 40 mm was considered pivotal by BELYSHEV (1973) in subspecies identification: in the nominal subspecies their values are over 40 mm, in the two Siberian ones less than 40 mm. In E. b. altaica Belyshev, 1951, the basal spot on the hind wings should reach the triangle or even occupy it, while in the East Siberian E. b. sibirica Selys, 1887, it does not reach the triangles. Belyshev believed that the latter ranged east of Baikal but not north of it, where the typical subspecies is distributed. Among our specimens, in 1 male and 1 female the spots occupy the entire triangle, in 1 female the spot reaches the middle of the triangle, in 1 male and 1 female the spot reaches the triangle and rests against its base, in 2 males and 1 female the basal spots just touch the triangle, and in 5 males and 2 females the spot somewhat does not reach the triangle. This variation in the development of basal spots and of the length of the hind wing and abdomen, so closely reaching the "critical value", invalidates the subspecies. I suggest synonymizing all three subspecies.

In the study region this is a common species (unlike , for instance, West Siberia) that also occurs far from water, in open stands of Tsasucheiskii Bor and on the massif Adon-Chelon, where it keeps to the edges of dense birch and aspen groves, where up to several individuals could be seen simultaneously. The species was not met with at all in the depression of the Torei Lakes.

22. Somatochlora graeseri Selys, 1887

Material: 1: 1 ♂, VII-96 (L. Klochikhina leg.); 2: 1 ♀, 29-VI-95. – 3: 1 ♂, 1-VII-95; 1 ♀, 2-VII-96. – 4: 1 ♂, 5-VII-95 (5).

Although only five specimens were collected, in early July 1995 this species was common, together with Epitheca bimaculata but less frequent, in large glades and open tree stands in a pine forest. The dragonflies were in feeding flights, often very high. Also, the males were quite common on oxbows of the Onon right floodland, flying low above the water patrolling large individual areas along the banks. In 1996 the species was much less common.

23. Somatochlora exuberata Bartenev, 1910

Material: 2: 1 ♀, 22-VIII-96. – 6: 1 ♀, 11-VII-96. (2).

The taxon exuberata had been described as a species but for a long time was considered by Russian authors (BELYSHEV, 1973; SPURIS, 1988) as a subspecies of S. metallica (van der Linden, 1825). MALIKOVA (1995) again gave it species status, with the following features differentiating it from S. metallica (personal communication): two isolated yellow spots on the forehead except for a transverse yellow stripe (the main character), a dull bronze-green colouration instead of bright blue-green, and smaller size. In 2000 I found S. metallica abocanica Belyshev, 1955 and S. exuberata sympatric in the Todzha Hollow of Tyva Republic (the Yenisei River sources), showing distinct morphological and some ecological differences and hence confirming their status as separate species.


24. Pantala flavescens (Fabricius, 1798)

Material. 2: 1 ♂ (visually), 15-VII-96; 1 ♀, 10-VIII-97. – 5 (a dried up oxbow at the Onon River): 2 ♂, 1 ♀ (visually), 16.VII 97. – 6: 3 ♂, 11-VII-96. – 18: 1 ♀, 12-VII-96 -. (5).

A circumtropical-subtropical species reaching Primorye and the former Central Asian Republics of the USSR (there is also a dubious record from Kamchatka (HAGEN, 1856)). In Transbaikalia it was reported from the village Pokrovka at the junction of the Shilka and Argun' Rivers (SELYS LONGCHAMPS, 1887). BELYSHEV (1973) doubted this report, thinking that this species cannot penetrate so far north at this longitude. On 11-VII-96, I captured three males of this species 10 km west of Nizhnii Tsasuchei, slow and low flying above temporary pools formed on the left bank of the Onon River as a result of its high flood; on 15-VII-96 a male was observed above a pool at the highway 5 km west of Nizhnii Tsasuchei; and on 12-VII-96 a female was caught above a low hill at the foot of the hill Chikhalan on the Lake Zun-Torei northern bank. On 19-VII-97,a male and an ovipositing pair were observed above a dried-up temporary arm of the Onon right bank 13 km W of Nizhnii Tsasuchei. On 11-VIII-1997 a female was caught along the highway in Tsasucheiskii Bor. In addition, on 24-VIII-97 an individual was observed above the Gazimur River upstream of the settlement Gazimurskii Zavod, i.e the eastern woody part of Chita Province. Thus, this species is indeed present in the Province.

In most cases it was found above temporary pools in which larval development seems unlikely. It is noteworthy that BELYSHEV (1973) also wrote that "the species was observed by us repeatedly in the Monkhukhai River valley in the southern part of Primorye but always far from water bodies where it could breed". Since this dragonfly is famous for its powerful flight, they most probably are migrants from more southern regions. Another peculiarity of this species is an extremely rapid (55-100 days) larval development mostly in temporary rainpools (VAN DAMME & DUMONT, 1999). As a result, migrant species can breed and provide a next brood in zones where permanent populations are impossible due to low winter temperatures. In southern Transbaikalia temporary pools are noteworthy for the exceptional abundance of Notostraca, Anostraca, and Conchostraca, which can offer abundant food for larvae. However, they appear only in late June when the very dry spring ends and could produce imagines in August at the earliest. All specimens were observed in mid July and were obviously vagrants. Their progeny, if any, would hardly withstand the first frosts in late August.

25. Leucorrhinia rubicunda intermedia Bartenev, 1910

Gorb et al., 1996: Leucorrhinia intermedia Bart.

Material. – 2: 2 ♂, 1 ♀, 30-VI-95; 1 ♀, 30-VI-96; 1 ♂, 1-VII-96. – 5: 3 ♂, 4 ♀, 5-VII-96; 2 ♂, 15-VII-96; 1 ♀, 18-VII-97. – 8: 1 ♂, 2 ♀, 26-VI-95. – 10: 1 ♀, 19-VI-95; 1 ♂, 21-VI-95. – 19: 3 ♂, 4 ♀, 14-VI-95; 1 ♂, 24-VI-95. (28).

The differences by which BELYSHEV (1973) in his key distinguished L. rubicunda ( occurring east to the Altai Mts.) from L. intermedia ( occurring west to the Yenisei River basin and, again, Altai), seem vague: the presence of lateral carinae on the IV-VIII abdominal segments in the former and on the (V) - VI -VII - (VIII) segments in the latter. Indeed, in our specimens these carinae are either not present or hardly noticeable on the VI-VII segments. Besides, Belyshev wrote: "anyway, it doesn't matter at all... either they are well differentiated subspecies or weakly formed close species with prevailing of only quantitative differences…" However, he then mentioned (but did not explain) some qualitative morphological differences most probably concerning the male secondary genitalia. E. I. Malikova (personal communication) considers the carinae as unreliable characters but the differences in the male genitalia as reliable. However, the shape of the hamules in Japanese specimens, considered as intermedia , resemble western rubicunda rather than Siberian intermedia, as was mentioned by BELYSHEV (1973) and shown in his figure. The solution for the problem should be sought in the zone of contact of intermedia and rubicunda. Considering the basis for species status of intermedia to be insufficient at present, I provisionally consider it as a subspecies of rubicunda.

This is a numerous spring species, flying up to mid-July (in 1996, it had already disappeared at this time, in contrast with L. quadrimaculata).

26. Libellula quadrimaculata orientalis Belyshev, 1956.

Gorb et al., 1996.

Material. – 2: 1 ♀, 30-VI-95. – 3: 1 ♂, 30-VI-95; 1 ♂, 16-VII-97. – 5: 1 ♂, 15-VII-96; 1 ♂, 18-VII-97. – 8: 2 ♂, 26-VI-95. – 10: 1 ♀, 19-VI-95; 1 ♀, 21-VI-95. – 19: 1 ♂, 2 ♀, 14-VI-95; 1 ♂, 24-VI-95; 17: 1 ♀ (an aberrant individual, the nodal spots being much enlarged reaching the vein M and extending for 5 mm along the wings), 25-VI-95. (14).

According to the characters enumerated by BELYSHEV (1956; 1973), I attribute our specimens to the eastern subspecies L. q. orientalis Belyshev, 1956. These include the prevailing yellow colour of the labrum and lobes of the labium and the light-coloured costal and subcostal veins. Only in 3 males and 3 females of our material does the costal vein become dark distal to the nodus. However, the characteristic presence of additional small yellow spots, besides the two large ones, on the rear of the head is seen in only 2 males, which have one tiny additional spot on either side, of 14 specimens. : they have one tiny additional spot. BELYHSEV (1973) reported the eastern subspecies only from Primorye and wrote that in specimens from Khabarovsk "all the characters of the subspecies are already very obscured", but MALIKOVA (1995) reported it also for Amurland.

All our specimens lack basal spots on the forewings. In five specimens collected in 1995, that is on 14-VI at Kuku-Khadan (1 ♂, 2 ♀), on 19-VI and 21-VI on Adon-Chelon (2 ♀), and in a aberrant ♀ from Tsasucheiskii Bor of 15-VI, the yellow colouration expands from the wing base along the costal margin of wings up to their apices. In other specimens it is present only at wing bases, not including the triangles.

This species, numerous up to mid July, prefers small water bodies and can be found on very small ones, for example, those on a pasture at the village Verkhnii Tsasuchei.

27. Sympetrum danae (Sulzer, 1776).

Gorb et al., 1996: Sympetrum danae matrix Bartenef, 1915.

Material. – 2: 1 ♂, 22-VIII-96; 2 ♂, 1 ♀, 10-VIII-97. – 3: 1 ♂, 17-VIII-95; 1 ♂, 4 ♀, 18-VIII-96. – 4: 1 ♀, 15-VII-96. – 5: 1 ♀, 16-VII-96; 4 ♀, 10-VIII-97. – 11: 1 ♀, 24-VIII-95. – 12: 2 ♂, 2 ♀, 24-VIII-95. – 13: 1 ♀, 23-VIII-95. – 17: 1 ♀, 19-VIII-95. – 20: 1 ♀, 18-VII-96; 1 ♀, 15-VIII-96. – 21: 2 ♂, 18-VIII-95. – 22: 1 ♂, 1 ♀, 24-VII-96. – 25: 1 ♂, 1 ♀, 22-VII-96. (31).

Three females have a smoky darkening at the nodus and pterostigma that was known as aberration matrix Bartenev, 1915 and characterizes specimens from Mongolia and adjacent regions (BELYSHEV & DOSHIDORZHI; 1958). BELYSHEV (1973) elevated it to subspecies S. scoticum matrix Bartenev, 1915. Eleven other females have no darkening such as this. So, either our region lies in a transition zone between subspecies or the subspecies matrix was based on environmental modification resulting from larval development at rather high temperatures (as ab. praenubila in Libellula quadrimaculata).

The species appears in mid June and is common, especially on temporarily inundated sedge tussock in floodland areas.

28. Sympetrum depressiusculum (Selys, 1841).

Gorb et al., 1996.

Material. – 2: 1 ♂, 9-VIII-97. – 19: visually 9-VIII-97. (1).

Our specimen has yellow patches on the fore femora while Belyshev . BELYSHEV & DOSHIDORZHI (1960) found specimens with legs entirely black in Gobi-Altai Aimak of Mongolia and considered them as Sympetrum frequens Selys, 1883. However, they in fact were also S. depressiusculum since the true S. frequens is confined to Japan (INOUE, TANI, 2001) from where it just penetrates to the coasts of Primorye and Korea to probably hybridize with S. depressiusculum (INOUE et al., 2002).

The species was reported by GORB et al. (1996) for the Borokholoi Rivulet, and we collected one specimen in Tsasucheiskii Bor. In addition, one specimen was observed on a rocky southern slope of the hill Kuku-Khadan. Most probably this is a rare species with a late flight period.

29. Sympetrum flaveolum (Linnaeus, 1758)

Gorb et al., 1996.

Material. – 2: 1 ♂, 4 ♀, 10-VIII-97. – 3: 1 ♂, 17-VIII-95; 5 ♂, 2 ♀, 19-VII-97. – 5: 2 ♂, 4 ♀, 15-VII-96; 1 ♂, 1 ♀, 16-VII-96; 1 ♂, 1 ♀, 18-VII-97; 6 ♂, 1 ♀, 10-VIII-97. – 10: 2 ♂, 1 ♀, 8-VII-96; 5 ♂, 4 ♀, 9-VII-96. – 12: 1 ♂, 24-VIII-95. – 13: 3 ♀, 3-VII-95. – 20: 2 ♀, 18-VII-96. – "Torei Lakes": 1 ♂, 1 ♀; 13-VIII-89. – 25: 1 ♀, 22-VII-96. (51).

The species is famous for variation in wing colouration. Among the collected specimens, 41 correspond to forma typica (the females are typica heterochroma). In 2 males, the basal spots on the hind wings almost reach the nodes (this does not fit the aberrations as characterized by BELYSHEV (1973)), 2 females are ab. flaveolata Selys (with the yellow colouration extending almost halfway between the node and pterostigma), and 1 female is ab. hyalinata Rodz. (yellow spots absent).

This species, vary common in Europe and West Siberia, is less numerous in Dauria. In the Onon valley it is most common on temporarily inundated sedge tussock floodland and on temporary river arms, which it prefers for breeding.

30. Sympetrum pedemontanum intermedium Belyshev, 1955.

Gorb et al., 1996.

Material. – 1: 2 ♀, 16-VIII-95; 2 ♀, 16-VIII-96. – 3: 1 ♂, 1 ♀, 17-VIII-95; 1 ♀, 31-VII-96; 1 ♀, 18-VIII-96; 1 ♀, 21-VIII-96; 2 ♀, 23-VIII-96; 1 ♂, 16-VII-97, 1 ♀, 17-VII-97, 1 ♀, 18-VII-97; 4 ♂, 10-VIII-97. – 4: 1 ♀, 22-VIII-95. – 6: 1 ♂, 18-VIII-96. – 11: 1 ♀, 24-VIII-95. – 12: 2 ♂, 24-VIII-95. – 19: 1 ♀, 21-VII-95; 1 ♀, 9-VIII-97. – 20: 1 ♀, 15-VIII-96. (26).

As expected from the literature (BELYSHEV, 1973), our specimens correspond to S. p. intermedium (Mueller in Allioni, 1766), ranging from the Altai to Middle Amurland: the wing band is 4-5 mm wide along the costal margin, and it starts closer to the pterostigm than to the node and ends at the middle of the pterostigma.

Few specimens were seen in Tsasucheiskii Bor, at the Torei Lakes and in the Onon floodland. It was found to be abundant on terraces of the right bank of the Onon River valley on temporary arms, stagnant and partly dried up almost throughout the year but nevertheless oligotrophic due to infiltration of cold ground water. They become current only during the summer flood. Such water bodies are preferred by S. pedemontanum all over Siberia (BELYSHEV, 1973).

31. Sympetrum vulgatum imitans (Selys, 1886)

Gorb et al., 1996.

Material. – 2 ♂, 3 ♀, "Daurian Reserve", 89 (collector unknown). – 1: 1 ♀, 16-VIII-95; 2 ♀, 9-VIII-97. – 2: 1 ♂, 2 ♀, 20-VII-96; 1 ♂, 1 ♀, 29-VII-96 (V. A. Brinikh leg.), 3 ♂, 3 ♀, 1-VIII-96; 2 ♀, 22-VIII-96; 2 ♂, 2 ♀, 20-VII-97; 9 ♂, 4 ♀, 10-VIII-97. – 3: 2 ♂, 4 ♀, 17-VIII-95; 1 ♀, 15-VII-96; 1 ♂, 16-VII-97; 2 ♀, 17-VII-97. – 4: 2 ♀, 22-VIII-95. – 5: 1 ♀, 15-VII-96; 1 ♀, 16-VII-96; 2 ♀, 10-VIII-97. – 6: 1 ♀, 11-VII-96. – 10: 3 ♂, 1 ♀, 11-VIII-95. – 13: 1 ♂, 3-VIII-96. – Teli: 3 ♂, 3 ♀, 19-VIII-95. – 19: 1 ♂, 3 ♀, 21-VII-95. – 18: 1 ♂, 2 ♀, 12-VII. – 20: 1 ♀, 15-VIII-96. – "Southern end of Lake Zun-Torei": 1 ♂, 4 ♀; 9-VIII-95. – 21: 1 ♂, 1 ♀, 17-VIII-95. – "The road along the Torei Lakes": 4 ♂, 4 ♀, 12-VIII-89. – "In a truck radiator, from Solovyovsk to Batukha" [i.e. shepherd Batukha's stand at Kuku-Khadan]: 10 ♂, 11 ♀, 14-VIII-89. – 28: 1 ♀, 24-VII-96. 22: 1 ♂, 24-VII-96. – 25: 2 ♂, 1 ♀, 22-VII-96. – 23: 1 ♂, 25-VII-96. (111).

This taxon ranges across Transbaikalia, the Amur River basin, Primorye, and China (MALIKOVA, 1995). Sympetrum imitans (Selys, 1886) was described from a single female from Peking and then redescribed from both sexes from Pokrovka village at the junction of Shilka and Argun' Rivers (SELYS LONGCHAMPS, 1887). BARTENEV (1915) and later BELYSHEV (1973) and SPURIS (1988) considered it as a subspecies of S. vulgatum (Linnaeus, 1758), but MALIKOVA (1995) elevated it to species rank based on the absence of dorsal spines in the larva. Later it turned out that the number and expression of the dorsal spines varies greatly and continually in this taxon, up to their disappearance. This was shown by R. Seidenbusch (pers. comm., 1997) who examined a series of exuvia collected by O. Berezina in 1997 on a derelict mine on the Gazimurskii mountain range between the villages Kurleya and Budyumkan, the eastern Chita Province, and by E.I. Malikova (pers. comm., 1998) on material from Amur Province. Thus, the reasons to consider imitans as a full species seem to have disappeared.

In our imagines the diagnostic features of the taxon very well expressed, viz. a large size (the length of the abdomen is 27-30 mm, of the hind wing 31-34 mm) and, in females, presence of yellow colouration at the base and along the costal margin of the wings, poorly expressed only in 6 of 34 studied females.

The most numerous and omnipresent dragonfly in Dauria.


Distribution of odonates on water bodies.

The dragonfly community most rich in species was found in the Onon River valley (29 species), where only A. parthenope and S. depressiusculum of the entire fauna were not found. Only the three gomphid species are strict rheophilic. Among them O. spinicornis scatters rather far from the river to Tsasucheiskii Bor pine forest up to 1-2 km away, S. flavipes is seldom seen in the forest, and A. maackii quite near the river, males flying above the surface or sitting near the water and only females being found 100-200 m away from the bank. The complete absence of representatives of the genus Calopteryx on the Onon River is worth mentioning (the closest records are at Baikal [BELYSHEV, 1973] and in the Darkhan Hollow in Mongolia [MALIKOVA, 1997b]).Other species are found on stagnant water bodies of the floodland, first of all of the right bank floodland upstream of the bridge embankment of the highway Nizhnii Tsasuchei - Aginskoe. These are eutrophic, shallow, and wellwarmed oxbows that can become inundated by the Onon for a short time during highest floods. Most rich in dragonflies is Lake Kudon, situated near the terrace foot 12 km upstream of Nizhnii Tsasuchei. Imagines of one species, S. pedemontanum, were abundant on oligotrophic temporary arms of the Onon. Other dragonflies were scarce here. On the pasture in the Onon floodland at Verkhnii Tsasuchei there are small pools, some of which have abundant Ceratophyllum. Here, S. paedisca and C. lunulatum occurred in great numbers in June, with fewer C. armatum, L. rubicunda, L. quadrimaculata, and Sympetrum spp.

The Borzya River was examined only twice but supported a substantial diversity of damselflies: S. paedisca, C. armatum, C. lunulatum, C. lanceolatum, C. ecornutum, and E. cyathigerum.

On Lake Betevken. 8 species were found: S. paedisca, C. armatum, C. ecornutum, C. lanceolatum, C. lunulatum, E. cyathigerum, L. rubicunda , and L. quadrimaculata).

The fauna of the Torei Lakes is not especially rich, with 20 species known so far: L. dryas, L. sponsa, S. paedisca, C. armatum, C. lunulatum, C. lanceolatum, C. ecornutum, E. najas (quite surprising for a mineralized lake), E. cyathigerum, I. elegans, A. serrata, A. mixta, P. flavescens, L. rubicunda , L. quadrimaculata, S. danae, S. vulgatum, S. depressiusculum, S. flaveolum, and S. pedemontanum. Nevertheless, it is quite diverse in view of the lakes being both mineralized and cyclic, drying at intervals.

The presence of Odonata on Lake Nizhnii Mukei is very interesting. It has a salinity of 17 g/l but is fed also by freshwater springs (V. Obyazov, pers. comm.). The five dragonfly species encountered were S. paedisca, C. ecornutum, C. lunulatum, E. cyathigerum, and A. parthenope. Among them E. cyathigerum breeds here in great abundance , as proved by the presence of larvae and teneral specimens. Ability of this species to breed in mineralized water was recpgnized by BELYSHEV (1973). Three teneral specimens of Aeshnidae (most probably A. parthenope) disturbed by us from the banks hatched certainly from this lake too.

Dragonflies reach the elevation of Adon-Chelon from distant water bodies, small steppe lakes and the Borzya River. They are abundant and rather diverse there (12 species, including S. paedisca, C. armatum, C. lunulatum, C. lanceolatum, C. ecornutum, E. cyathigerum, A. mixta, E. bimaculata, L. rubicunda, L. quadrimaculata, S. flaveolum, and S. vulgatum, more than were found in the same season on Lakes Betevken and Malyi Betevken). A prevalence of females in the material collected here can be noted, while in collections made at the water males predominate.

Comparison of the fauna of the Daurian Rezerve and the Onon River valley with that of adjacent territories.

It is interesting to compare the fauna of the Daurian Reserve and the Onon River valley at Nizhnii Tsasuchei with the species composition of some adjacent regions. Table 1 contains the fauna of "the mountains of Transbaikalia" (i. e. the whole Transbaikalia except for its southernmost rather flat steppe regions) following HARITONOVA (1990), fauna of Mongolia (BELYSHEV & DOSHIDORZHI, 1958; 1960; BELYSHEV, 1961; KRYLOVA, 1974; BELYSHEV & HARITONOV, 1981, PETERS, 1981, FUKUI, 1995; MALIKOVA, 1997b) and the fauna (after MA et al., 1991) of the lowland part of Inner Mongolia (a province of China) adjacent to the Russian territory and bordered on the southeast by the Da-Hinggan-Ling Mts. It embraces the basins of Lake Dalainor (Hulunchi) and River Argun’ (Hailar) and shares common environmental conditions with the Daurian Reserve (this territory is occupied with the Chinese nature reserve Dalainor).

In Table 1, no subspecies are indicated, for Mongolia includes transitory zones still not studied for some of them. Sympetrum vulgatum is accepted in a broad sense, i.e. including the taxon imitans, the western limit of which crosses Mongolia but is not studied yet. Leucorrninia rubicunda and L. dubia are also presented in a broad sence, that is including the taxa intermedia and orientalis, respectively (although for some reason, probably in error, both dubia and orientalis were reported for Transbaikalia (HARITONOVA, 1990)). Somatochlora metallica auct. is replaced by S. exuberata which is in fact present in these territories.

In the list of the mountains of Transbaikalia (HARITONOVA, 1990) I replace Calopteryx virgo (Linnaeus, 1758) with Calopteryx japonica Selys, 1869, as MIYAKAWA (1983) and MALIKOVA (1995) showed convincingly that japonica (which inhabits Transbaikalia) is not a subspecies of C. virgo but a clear-cut species. I also add Ophiogomphus cecilia (basing on the two females mentioned above). Gomphus epophthalmus (now considered as Shaogomphus postocularis epophthalmus) was also included in Haritonova’s table, most probably in error, for no report or specimen of this species from that region is known, so I consider this record as dubious. I update the list with Anax parthenope due to the findings at Lake Gusinoe and Alkhanai (see above).

From the fauna of Mongolia I exclude Enallagma strouhali Quentin, 1962 (a synonym of E. cyathigerum risi), Sympetrum frequens Selys, 1883 (continental specimens belong in fact to S. depressiusculum) and Aeshna lucia Needham, 1930. ASAHINA (1988) believes that the latter is a synonym of A. mixta: the species was described from a single specimen with a black face. This main diagnostic feature might be either an anomaly or result from postmortem changes. It is on this feature that a cautious identification of a Mongolian specimen was based (BELYSHEV & DOSHIDORZHI, 1958). E. I. Malikova re-examined this specimen and found it to be A. juncea (pers. comm.). After BELYSHEV (1961), Russian sources, including Belyshev’s, did not mention for Mongolia A. mixta, Sympetrum meridionale and Somatochlora graeseri. The first two were later reported by PETERS (1985), but mention of S. graeseri seems to have had no basis. However, I found it in Tuva on the very Mongolian border (ZAIKA & KOSTERIN, 1992), and the species must be present in Mongolia at least in the valleys of Onon and Tes-Khem. Sympecma gobica is included in Table 6 in BELYSHEV & HARITONOV (1981) but absent from the text devoted to Mongolia. With no clear reports known, I consider its presence questionable. Sympetrum sanguineum was reported only in BELYSHEV & HARITONOV (1981), without any specimens and localities mentioned; its presence is, however, very probable. Included are Calopteryx virgo s.str. and C. splendens (Harris, 1782), which was discovered recently in the Darkhan Depression (MALIKOVA, 1997b), and Ophiogomphus reductus and O. spinicornis. "Ophiogomphus cecilia reductus" was mentioned by BELYSHEV & HARITONOV (1981) (for some reason it is absent from their list but mentioned in the text), but, as found out by KRYLOVA (1974), that communication was based on a report by K. Valle for "Khemchik", which presently is situated in Tuva Republic within Russia. Most probably it was in fact O. spinicornis. O. spinicornis was reported for Mongolia by Chao H.-f. (cited by ASAHINA, 1979), but I am not sure this did not refer to Inner Mongolia. However, I can confirm the presence of both species in Mongolia basing on photographs provided by R. Seidenbusch, of specimens collected in Mongolia by Prof. G. Peters and mentioned in PETERS (1985) as Ophiogomphus cecilia. The specimens from SW Mongolia (Bulgan, Dzhungarian Gobi) and W Mongolia (Uljastain-Go, Chovd gol tributary) are undoubtedly O. reductus, while the female from N Mongolia (Selenga, Ich-nul steppes) is O. spinicornis. Also, PETERS (1985) for the first time reported for Mongolia Erythromma najas, Coenagrion puella (Linnaeus, 1758), Stylurus flavipes, Aeshna grandis (Linnaeus, 1758), Macromia amphigena fraenata (as M. sibirica Djakonov, 1926; the synomymy was established by ASAHINA (1964) and MALIKOVA (1995)), Libellula quadrimaculata, Leucorrhinia dubia orientalis and Somatochlora metallica. The latter cannot be S. exuberata, as found in the westernmost Mongolia, at the western foot of Altai Mts. Lastly, FUKUI (1995) added for the Mongolian fauna Coenagrion johanssoni and Aeshna caerulea.

Since the book "The Grassland Insects of Inner Mongolia" (MA et al. 1991) is little known, I reproduce here its records for the abovementioned territory adjacent to the Russian Transbaikalia steppe. In all, 14 species were reported, evidently a very incomplete list (their full list of species mentioned for the entire Inner Mongolia contains 33 species, of which many are Manchurian elements). Lestes sponsa is reported for Xin Barag Youqi, "Sympycna paedisca annulata Selys" for Xin Barag Zuoqi, Xin Barag Youqi, Ergun Zuoqi, "Agrion virgo" (most probably Calopteryx japonica) for Xin Barag Zuoqi, Chen Barag Qi, Aciagrion hisopa Selys (from geographical considerations it must have been Aciagrion migratum) for Xin Barag Zuoqi, Xin Barag Youqi, Chen Barag Qi, Ergun Zuoqi, "Coenagrion sexlineatum Selys" (now Cercion melanotum) for Ergun Zuoqi, Enallagma cyathigerum for Xin Barag Youqi, Ischnura senegalensis (Rambur) for Xin Barag Zuoqi, Anax parthenope julius Brauer for Xin Barag Youqi, Orthetrum albistylum for Xin Barag Youqi, Sympetrum danae for Chen Barag Qi , "S. frequens" (i. e. S. depressiusculum) for Xin Barag Zuoqi, Xin Barag Youqi, Chen Barag Qi, "S. imitans" for Xin Barag Zuoqi, Xin Barag Youqi, S. pedemontanum for Xin Barag Zuoqi, Chen Barag Qi. Cercion melanotum is included with "?" - since it is not excluded it was in fact Cercion v-nigrum. Identifications of Aciagrion and I. senegalensis could be erroneous as well and requre confirmation.

The four territories considered are very uneven in area, diversity of natural conditions, and depth of study. Surely, new entries will appear in all four columns with time. Which species are expected to be found in the Daurian Reserve and the Onon valley?

The dragonflies of "the mountains of Transbaikalia" (the mountainous regions of East Siberia east of Baikal) contain the following species not found by us (HARITONOVA, 1990): Calopteryx japonica (reported as C. virgo, see MALIKOVA, 1995), C. splendens, Nehalennia speciosa, Coenagrion johanssoni, C. hylas, Aeshna grandis, A. caerulea, A. subarctica, Shaogomphus postocularis epophthalmus (a doubtful report), Nihonogomphus ruptus, Ophiogomphus obscurus, Somatochlora alpestris, S. arctica, S. exuberata (reported as S. metallica), S. sahlbergi, Cordulia aenea, Orthetrum albistylum, Leucorrhinia dubia (reported both as L. dubia and L. orientalis). Some of these (S. alpestris, S. sahlbergi, and, to a lesser extent, S. arctica) are associated with highlands, they can hardly be found in the Daurian Reserve. O. albystilum is known in Siberia only from hot springs at the eastern bank of Lake Baikal (BELYSHEV, 1973) and the Chara Depression (BELYSHEV et al., 1978) but has been reported for a site in Inner Mongolia close to the Russian border (MA et al., 1991) and so is to be expected . Thanks to their wide ecological amplitude, we can expect A. grandis (if it occurs so far eastward), C. aenea, and even N. speciosa, although the latter species is local and rare. In the Onon valley, with tree vegetation, or at Lake Betevken in the Tsasucheiskii Bor pine forest, one can expect C. johannsoni, C. hylas, A. subarctica, A. caerulea ( not very probable), C. aenea, and L. dubia orientalis. (It should be noted that C. johannsoni, C. aenea and L. dubia orientalis were found by us on 17-VI-95 and 6-VII-95 on a small pool with boggy banks in an open larch/birch forest on pass the Mogoituiskii range 100 km NW of Nizhnii Tsasuchei). The following rheophiles could inhabit the Onon River: C. japonica, C. splendens, S. postocularis (a species with a very local distribution), and N. ruptus; but not O. obscurus, which should be replaced by its close relative O. spinicornis. However, none of these was encountered in three seasons. On the map in BELYSHEV (1973), there is a point for N. ruptus on the Onon River just about Nizhnii Tsasuchei. I did not find the source of this record or proof of its preciseness, nor the species itself at Onon, while it was common in woody areas of the Argun’ River lower reaches in the easternmost Transbaikalia. It seems to prefer forested areas.

Of species reported for Mongolia, future finding of S. striolatum and S. meridionale seems quite possible, the presence of I. pumilio, M. amphigena, O. brunneum, and S. fonscolombii is questionable, since their range is insufficiently known, while other species not found in Dauria (Lestes macrostigma, Coenagrion puella, Aeshna affinis, A. grandis, Ophiogomphus reductus, Oothetrum cancellatum, Sympetrum tibiale, S. sanguineum are present only in West Mongolia. Of species reported for the abovementioned part of Inner Mongolia (MA et al. 1991), C. japonica, A. migratum C. melanotum, I. senegalensis, and O. albistylum were not found in Dauria. It is hard to judge whether some of them can penetrate into this territory, and there is also doubt about the correctness of their identification.

It may be concluded from Table 1 that the fauna of the Daurian Reserve and surroundings of the village Nizhnii Tsasuchei resembles that of Mongolia without its westernmost part. Among dragonflies found on the Onon River and Torei Lakes there are some species not reported so far for the Mongolian Republic, namely, Cercion v-nigrum, Coenagrion glaciale, Erythromma najas, Anisogomphus maacki, Epitheca bimaculata, Somatochlora graeseri, and Pantala flavescens. However, all these species must penetrate the north of this country along the Mongolian section of the Onon River. BELYSHEV & HARITONOV (1981) characterized the odonatofauna of East Mongolia as poor. They thought it lacks these species found in Dauria: E. bimaculata, S. graeseri, C. lanceolatum, and C. glaciale. Their inference would remain true if one includes the Onon basin in Dauria and considers as Mongolian the fauna of the endorheic steppe plains of Mongolia ( in which the depression of Torei Lakes should also be included ). Note that some species known from Mongolia only from the Altai Mts. or the region of Lake Hubsugul should also be excluded from a "Mongolian fauna" per se.

It may be noted that the dragonfly fauna of the northern Ubsu-Nur Depression, situated in South Tuva, also at the Mongolian/Russian border but in its western part, resembles that of the Daurian Reserve and its environs (ZAIKA & KOSTERIN, Kosterin, 1992), although in the latter case fewer species are found, thanks to the major Onon river belonging to the Pacific basin. Among species collected in South Tuva only Aeshna affinis was not found by us in Dauria.

In the work by HARITONOVA (1990), the following species were not reported for the mountains of Transbaikalia: Cercion v-nigrum, Ischnura elegans, Aeshna mixta, A. serrata, Anax parthenope, Ophiogomphus spinicornis, Anisogomphus maacki, Stylurus flavipes, and Pantala flavescens. To my mind, Transbaikalia cannot be naturally subdivided into lowland and mountainous parts (in large areas it is just a hilly country), so it would be better to speak about Transbaikalia in general, from which we now know as many as 49 species.

In Dauria, we found no representatives of the genera Calopteryx and Orthetrum, although both are present in Transbaikalia (HARITONOVA, 1990), Mongolia (BELYSHEV & HARITONOV, 1981), and Inner Mongolia (MA et al., 1991). The Onon River was investigated thoroughly, and the presence of some Calopteryx within the section studied is therefore unlikely. Some Orthetrum, as well as some other species, may be still found on some lakes of the Torei depression.


We collected 1298 specimens of 31 species of dragonflies and damseflies. The dragonfly fauna of the Daurskii State Nature Reserve and its surroundings appears to be rich and interesting. Two Manchurian species, namely, Cercion v-nigrum and Anisogomphus maackii, penetrate here from the east (and we extend their known ranges to the west); the steppe species Aeshna serrata from the west, and Ophiogomphus spinicornis, Anax parthenope, Pantala flavescens, and Sympetrum depressiusculum from the south. O. spinicornis is for the first time reliably recorded from the territory of Russia, and the presence in Transbaikalia of Pantala flavescens is confirmed. The Onon River valley exhibits the largest species richness, with water bodies of various types present besides the river valley itself, with its intrazonal biotopes. The river presents a channel through which a diverse dragonfly fauna penetrates into the steppe zone from the North-East.


I express my gratitude to V. A. Brinikh, the director, and the staff of the Daurian State Nature Reserve for their hospitality, help and partial financial support of the work. I am grateful to O.G. Berezina who shared with me part of the field work, to V.V. Dubatolov, I. I. Lyubechanskii, A. Korolyuk, V. A. Brinikh who collected a good number of specimens as well. I am thankful to R. Seidenbusch, E. I. Malikova, R. Jödicke, A. Y. Haritonov, M. G. Sergeev for valuable consultation and help with literature, to V. V. Dubatolov for explanation of toponyms published in Chinese. My special gratitude to the late Z. Spuris and to H. Dumont for critically reading the manuscript.


ASAHINA, S., 1961. Contribution to the knowledge of the odonate fauna of Central China. Tombo 4: 1-18.

ASAHINA, S., 1964. Contribution to the knowledge of the dragonflies of the genus Macromia in the North-Eastern Asia. Jap. J. Zool. 14 (2): 109-117.

ASAHINA, S., 1979. Notes on Chinese Odonata, XI. On two North Chinese Gomphids, with special reference to Palaearctic Ophiogomphus species. Tombo 22: 2-11.

ASAHINA, S., 1988. A revisional study of Kashmir and Japanese "Aeshna mixta". Gekkan-Mushi No 211: 11-20. (in Japanese).

ASAHINA, S., 1989. The Odonata of Korean Peninsula, a summarized review. Part I. Introductory notes and the suborder Zygoptera. Gekkan-Mushi. No 220.: 8-15.

BARTENEV, A. N., 1915. Insectes Pseudoneuroptères (Insecta Pseudoneuroptera). Volume I. Libelulidae. Livraison 1. Faune de la Russie et des pays limitirophes. Fondeé principalement sur les collections Du Musée zoologique de l’académie impériale des sciences de Petrograd. Redigéé par le Directeur du Museé N. V. Nadson. Petrograd, 352 p. (In Russian).

BARTENEV, A. N., 1929. Neue Arten und Varietaten der Odonata des West-Kaukasus. Zool. Anz. 85 (3/4): 54-68.

BARTENEV, A. N., 1930. O kollektsii strekoz iz Vostochnoi Sibiri i Turkestana i o rode Ophiogomphus Sel. v Palearktiki [On a dragonfly collection from East Siberia and Turkestan and on the genus Ophiogomphus Sel. in Palaearctic]. Russ. Entomol. Review 24 (1,2): 115-127 (In Russian).

BARTENEV, A. N., 1956. Materialy po odonatologicheskoi faune (Odonata, Insecta) Dal’nego Vostoka Rossii [Materials on odonatological fauna (Odonata, Insecta) of the Far East of Russia]. Trudy dal'nevostochnogo filiaia akademii nauk SSSR, seriya zoollogicheskaya. [Proceedings of the Far Eastern Branch of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, a zoological series], Vladivostok. 3 (VII): 202-238. (In Russian)

BELYSHEV, B. F., 1956. Materialy k poznaniyu dal’nevostochnoi fauny Odonata [Material to the knowledge of the Far Eastern fauna of Odonata]. Trudy dal'nevostochnogo filiaia akademii nauk SSSR, seriya zoollogicheskaya. [Proceedings of the Far Eastern Branch of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, a zoological series], Vladivostok. 3 (VII): 181-199. (In Russian)

BELYSHEV, B. F. 1961. The boundary of Palaearctic Asia on base of the distribution of the Odonata. Annales Zoologici (Warczawa) XIX (12): 437-453.

BELYSHEV, B. F. 1964b. Novyi vid i podvid strekoz (Odonata, Insecta) iz Yuzhnogo Pribaikalya [A new species and subspecies of dragonflies (Odonata, Insecta) from the Southern Baikal Region]. Izvestiya Vostochno-Sibirskogo otdeleniya Geograficheskogo obshchestva SSSR [News of the East Siberian Department of the Geographical Society of the USSR], Issue 62: 7-10. (In Russian).

BELYSHEV, B. F., 1973. Dragonflies (Odonata) of Siberia. Vol. 1, Part 1, 2. Nauka, Siberian Division, Novosibirsk, 620 p. (In Russian)

BELYSHEV, B. F. & A. K DOSHIDORZHI, 1958. K faune strekoz (Odonata) Mongolii [To the dragonfly (Odonata) fauna of Mongolia.] Zoologicheskii Zhurnal 37 (1): 34-40 (In Russian)

BELYSHEV, B. F. & A. K DOSHIDORZHI, 1960. Novye materialy k poznaniyu odonatologicheskoi fauny Mongolii [New materials for knowledges of the Odonata fauna of Mongolia.] In: Zbiologicheskii sbornik [Biological Collection]. East-Siberian Division of the USSR Geographical Society & Anti-Plague Instituteb of Siberia and Far East. Irkutsk: 217-221. (In Russian)

BELYSHEV, B. F. & A. Y. HARITONOV, 1981. Geografiya strekoz (Odonata) Boreal’nogo faunisticheskogo tsarstva [Geography of Dragonflies (Odonata) of the Boreal Faunistic Kingdom]. Nauka, Siberian Division, Novosibirsk, 278 p. (In Russian).

BELYSHEV, B. F., A. Y. HARITONOV, S. N. BORISOV, Z. D. SPURIS, G. A. MAZOKHIN-PORSHNYAKOV, P. A. MOKRUSHOV, R. S. PAVLYUK, L. N. PRITYKINA, G. I. RYAZANOVA, E. S. SHALOPENOK, L. N. PISANENKO, G. A. SUKHACHEVA, I. N. HARITONOVA, V. V. ZAIKA & L. I. FRANTSEVICH, 1989. Fauna and Ecology of Dragonflies. Nauka, Siberian Division, Novosibirsk, 206 p. (In Russian).

FUKUI, M. 1995. Record of dragonflies taken in Mongolia. Tombo 38: 51-53.

GORB, S., V. TKACH & V. GOROBCHISHYN, 1996. The odonata of the Daursky nature reserve (Southern Transbaikalia, Russia). Acta Hydroentomologica Latvica 3: 3-9.

HAGEN, H., 1856. Odonaten-Fauna des russischen Reichs. Stett. Ent. Zeit. 17 (1-2): 363-381

HARITONOV, A. Y., 1975. North Asiatic species of the genus Enallagma Charp. (Odonata, Insecta). In: Taksonomiya i ekologiya zhivonykh Sibiri. (Novye i maloizvestnye vidy fauny Sibiri, vypusk 9) [Taxonomy and Ecology of Siberian Animals. (New and Little-Known Species of the Fauna of Siberia, Issue 9)]. Nauka, Siberian Division, Novosibirsk: 11-20. (In Russian).

HARITONOV, A. Y. & S. N. BORISOV, 1990. Eurasian species of the genus Ophiogomphus (Odonata, Gomphidae). In: Redkie gel'minty, kleshchi i nasekomye (Novye i maloizvestnye vidy fauny Sibiri, vypusk 21) [Rare Helmints, Mites and Insects. (New and Little-Known Species of the Fauna of Siberia, Issue 21]. Nauka, Siberian Division, Novosibirsk: 43-51. (In Russian).

HARITONOVA, I. N., 1990. To the dragonfly (Insecta, Odonata) fauna of the mountains of South Siberia. In: Chleniskonogie i gel'minty (Fauna Sibiri) [Arthropods and Helmints. (Fauna of Siberia)]. Nauka, Siberian Division, Novosibirsk: 43-47 (in Russian).

HEIDEMANN, H. & R. SEIDENBUSH, 1993. Die Libellenlarven Deutschlands und Frankreichs. Verlag Erna Bauer, Keltern, 391 S.

INOUE, K., E. MALIKOVA & N. KATATANI. 2002. On the status of the intermediate forms between Sympetrum depressiusculum and S. frequens collected in Primorye and Korea. – The 1ts Symposium of the SIOROEA, Program and abstracts. National Science Museum, Daejeon: 29.

INOUE, K. & K. TANI, 2001. All about Dragonflies. TOMBOW Publishing Co., Ltd., Osaka, 168 p.

JÖDICKE, R., 1997. Die Bisenjungfern und Winterlibellen Europas. Lestidae. Westrap Wissenschaften, Magdeburg, 227 s.

KOSTERIN, O. E., 1996. Dragonflies (Odonata) of the city of Omsk. Acta Hydroentomologica Latvica 3: 10-21.

KOSTERIN, O. E. 1999. Fauna of dragonflies (Odonata) of the Daurskii State Nature Reserve and its surroundings. In: Nasekomye Daurii i sopredel’nykh territorii (Sbornik nauchnykh trudov). Vypusk II [Insects of Dauria and adjacent territories (a collected paper edition). Issue II]. Novosibirsk: 5-40 (in Russian).

KRYLOVA, V.N., 1974. Dragonflies (Odonata) of the Mongolian People's Republic. Insects of Mongolia 2: 14-22 (in Russian).

LAVRENKO, E. M., Z. V. KARAMYSHEVA &, R. I. NIKULINA, 1991. Steppes of Eurasia. Nauka, Leningrad, 146 p. (In Russian).

MA Yao, LI Hong-chang, KANG Le. 1991. The Grassland Insects of Inner Mongolia. Tianze Eldonejo: 91-184. (In Chinese).

MALIKOVA, E. I. 1993. Strekozy (Insecta, Odonata) okrestnostei goroda Blagoveshchenska [Dragonflies (Insecta, Odonata) of the surroundings of the city Blagoveshchensk]. In: Problemy ekologii Verkhnego Priamurya [Problems of Ecology of Upper Amurland]. Blagoveshchensk State Pedagogical Institute, Blagoveshchensk,-p. 91-101] (In Russian)

MALIKOVA, E. I. 1995. Strekozy (Odonata, Insecta) Dal'nego Vostoka Rossii [Dragonflies (Odonata, Insecta) of the Far East of Russia]. Dissertation for the scientific degree of candidate of biological sciences (Ph. D. Theses), Novosibirsk, 233 p. (in Russian)

MALIKOVA, E. I. 1997a. The fauna of dragonflies (Insecta, Odonata) of Amur region. In: Problemy ekologii Verkhnego Priamurya [Problems of Ecology of Upper Amurland]. Issue 3. Blagoveshchensk State Pedagogical University, Blagoveshchensk: 109-116. (In Russian)

MALIKOVA, E. I.. 1997b. About a small collection of dragonflies (Insecta, Odonata) from Northern Mongolia. In: Problemy ekologii Verkhnego Priamurya [Problems of Ecology of Upper Amurland]. Issue 3. Blagoveshchensk State Pedagogical University, Blagoveshchensk: 117-118. (In Russian)

MAY, M. I. 1997. The status of some species of Enallagma (Odonata: Zygoptera: Coenagrionidae). Entomological News 108: 77-91.

MIYAKAWA, K., 1983. Status of Calopteryx japonica Selys of C. virgo-group (Odonata, Zygoptera). Kontyu 51 (2): 192-202

NEEDHAM, J. G. 1930. A Manual of the Dragonflies of China. The Fan Memorial Institute of Biology, Peiping, 304 p.

SAMRAOUI, B., P. H. H. WEEKERS & H. L. DUMONT, 2002. The Enallagma of the western and central Palaearctic (Zygoptera: Conenagrionidae). Odonatologica 31: 345-434.

SEIDENBUSCH, R. 1997. Morphological imaginal comparison in the Enallagma deserti - complex: Enallagma deserti Selys, 1871, Enallagma boreale Selys, 1875, Enallagma circulatum Selys, 1883, Enallagma belyshevi Haritonov, 1975, Enallagma risi Schmidt, 1961. Sulzbach-Rosenberger Libellenrundbrief VI: 10-15.

SELYS LONCHAMPS, E. 1887. Odonates de l'Asie Mineure, et rèvision de ceux des autres parties de faune paléarctique (dite Européene). Ann. Soc. Entom. Belgique. XXXI: 1-85

SPURIS, Z.. 1988. The species composition of the dragonflies fauna of the USSR. Latvijas Entomologs 31: 5-24. (in Russian)

SUSLOV, S. P. 1954. Fizicheskaya geografiya SSSR. Aziatskaya chast' [Physical Goegraphy of the USSR. Asian Part]. State Teaching-Pedagodical Publishing House of the Ministry of Education of the RSFSR, Moscow, 711 p. (In Russia).

PETERS, G. 1985. Die Libellenfauna der westlichen und nordichen Mongolei und einige Phaomene ihrer intrakontinentalen Isolation. Mitt. zool. Mus. Berlin 61: 11-42.

VAN DAMME, K. & DUMONT, H. J. 1999. A drought-resistant larva of Pantala flavescens (Fabricius, 1798) (Odonata: Libellullidae) in the Lençóis Maranhenses, NE-Brasil. Int. J. Odonatol. 2 (1): 69-76.

ZAIKA, V. V. & KOSTERIN, O. E. 1992. Some interesting observations of dragonflies (Odonata) in south Tuva. Acta Hydroentomologica Latvica 2: 81-84.

Table 1. Comparison of the dragonfly faunas of the Daurian Reserve (with surroundings), the adjacent regions of InnerMongolia (China), "the mountains of Transbaikalia" (for explanation see text), and Mongolia.


Daurian Reserve

adjacent regions of Inner Mongolia

mountains of Transbaikalia


Calopteryx virgo (Linnaeus, 1758)



Calopteryx japonica Selys, 1869





Calopteryx splendens (Harris, 1782)




Sympecma paedisca (Brauer, 1877)





Sympecma gobica Foerster, 1900



Lestes dryas Kirby, 1840





Lestes sponsa (Hansemann, 1823)





Lestes macrostigma Eversmann, 1836



Lestes barbarus (Fabricius, 1798)



Cercion v-nigrum (Needham, 1930)



Cercion melanotum (Selys, 1876)




Coenagrion armatum (Charpentier, 1840)





Coenagrion glaciale (Selys, 1872)





Coenagrion lunulatum (Charpentier, 1840)





Coenagrion lanceolatum (Selys, 1872)





Coenagrion puella (Linnaeus, 1758)



Coenagrion hylas (Trybom, 1889)




Coenagrion johanssoni (Wallengren, 1894)




Coenagrion ecornutum (Selys, 1872)





Erythromma najas (Hansemann, 1823)





Enallagma cyathigerum (Charpentier, 1840)





Ischnura elegans (Van der Linden, 1823)




Ischnura pumilio (Charpentier, 1825)



Ischnura senegalensis (Rambur, 1842)




Aciagrion migratum (Selys, 1876)




Nehalennia speciosa (Charpentier, 1840)




Aeshna mixta Latreille, 1805




Aeshna affinis Van der Linden, 1825



Aeshna grandis (Linnaeus,1758)




Aeshna crenata Hagen, 1856





Aeshna serrata Hagen, 1856




Aeshna juncea (Linnaeus, 1758)





Aeshna subarctica Walker, 1908




Aeshna caerulea Stroem, 1783




Anax parthenope Selys, 1839





Shaogomphus postocularis (Selys, 1869)




Ophiogomphus obscurus Bartenev, 1909




Ophiogomphus reductus Calvert, 1898



Ophiogomphus spinicornis Selys, 1878




Ophiogomphus cecilia (Fourcroy, 1758)




Anisogomphus maacki (Selys, 1872)



Stylurus flavipes (Charpentier, 1825)




Nihonogomphus ruptus (Selys, 1857)




Macromia amphigena Selys, 1871



Epitheca bimaculata Belyshev, 1951





Somatochlora alpestris (Selys, 1840)




Somatochlora arctica (Zetterstedt, 1865)




Somatochlora sahlbergi Trybom, 1889




Somatochlora graeseri Selys, 1887





Somatochlora metallica (Van der Linden, 1825)



Somatochlora exuberata Bartenev, 1910





Cordulia aenea (Linnaeus, 1758)




Pantala flavescens (Fabricius, 1798)



Leucorrhinia rubicunda (Linnaeus, 1758) s. l.





Leucorrhinia dubia (Van der Linden, 1825) s. l.




Libellula quadrimaculata Linnaeus, 1758





Orthetrum cancellatum (Linnaeus, 1758)



Orthetrum albistylum (Selys, 1842)





Orthetrum brunneum (Fonscolombe, 1837)



Sympetrum danae (Sulzer, 1776)





Sympetrum flaveolum (Linnaeus, 1758)





Sympetrum sanguineum (Mueller, 1764)



Sympetrum depressiusculum (Selys, 1883)





Sympetrum pedemontanum (Mueller in Allioni, 1766)





Sympetrum vulgatum (Linnaeus, 1758) s. l.





Sympetrum striolatum (Charpentier, 1840)



Sympetrum tibiale (Ris, 1897)



Sympetrum meridionale (Selys, 1841)



Sympetrum fonscolombii (Selys, 1840)



Back to the front page
Back to the publication list
Back to the dragonfly page