Pisum Genetics
2007—Volume 39
NAPIA Abstracts
Abstracts from Oral Presentations
North American Pulse Improvement Association (NAPIA)
October 31 — November 2, 2007 Meeting
Madison, Wisconsin, U.S.A.
Identification of QTLs controlling resistance
to Ascochyta blight in chickpea
Anbessa, Y.1*, Tar'an, B. 1 and Warkentin, T. 1 Crop Dev. Centre
*Presenter (yadeta.kabeta@usask.ca) Univ. of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, Canada
Ascochyta blight, caused by Ascochyta rabiei, is the most important disease of chickpea in western
Canada and elsewhere. We are working to identify quantitative trait loci (QTL) conferring resistance to
this disease in four divergent moderately resistant lines, such that the different QTLs could be combined
into a single genotype to improve the level of resistance. Three QTLs were identified in the
ICCV96029/CDC Frontier population and work is in progress with the three other populations ICCV
96029/Amit, ICCV 96029/ ICC 12512-1 and ICCV 96029/FLIP 97-133C.
Development of field pea (Pisum sativum L.) varieties with
improved protein content: Opportunities and challenges
Bing, D.J.* Agri. and Agri-Food Canada
*Presenter (bingd@agr.gc.ca) Lacombe Res. Centre, Lacombe, Alberta, Canada
Field tests revealed a significant difference in crude protein content among the germplasm lines of
field pea, and two lines containing over 30% protein crude protein have been identified. The tests also
showed the significant effect of growing locations on the protein content, but insignificant effect of
location x genotype interaction. The opportunities and challenges for development of field pea varieties
having high protein content will be discussed.
Investigating the roles of melanin biosynthesis in
pathogenesis of Ascochyta rabiei using albino mutants
Chen, W.,1* Sharma, K.D.1 and 1USDA-ARS, Wash. State Univ., Pullman, WA, U.S.A.
Wheeler, M.H.2 2USDA-ARS, College Station, TX, U.S.A.
*Presenter (w-chen@wsu.edu)
Ascochyta rabiei, the causal agent of chickpea blight, produces melanin in culture and in infected
plants. The possible role of melanin in pathogenicity of A. rabiei on chickpea was investigated using

Pisum Genetics
2007—Volume 39
NAPIA Abstracts
spontaneous albino mutants of the pathogen. Unlike wild-type strains, the albino mutants were not
pathogenic on chickpea. Specific melanin biosynthesis inhibitors, pyroquilon and tricyclazole, blocked
melanin synthesis in culture by wild type strains, and reduced disease severity by the wild type when
applied onto chickpea plants. Transcripts of scytalone dehydratase, an enzyme in the 1,8-
dihydroxynaphthalene-melanin pathway, were detected in germinating spores using RT-PCR. The results
suggest that melanin biosynthesis is a virulence factor of A. rabiei on chickpea.
Color rentention in seed coats of green lentil
Davey, B.F., Bett, K.* and Vandenberg, A. Dept. of Plant Sci., Univ. of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK.
The color of the seed coat is one of the main factors determining value of green lentils. We
investigated the heritability of green seed coat color in lentil. A second set of experiments was designed to
evaluate the effects of pre-harvest agronomic treatments on the color of green lentil seed coats.
Working with crop roots—an enjoyable challenge
Gan, Y.T.,1 1Agri. and Agri-Food Canada, Swift Current, SK, Canada
Liu, L.P.,1, 2 McDonald, C.L.1 and 2Dept. of Plant Sci., Univ. of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, Canada
Campbell, C.A.3 3Agri. and Agri-Food Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada
*Presenter (gan@agr.gc.ca)
Modelers and policy-makers often use an approximate approach to estimate root biomass or carbon
values using root-shoot ratios. In cereal crops, various values of such estimate have been published in
literature, but in pulse and oilseed crops there is lack of information on root biomass or carbon even in
estimated value. This paper reports some of the results from experiments conducted at the Semiarid
Prairie Agricultural Research Centre, Swift Current, SK, where root carbon and biomass of various crop
species were determined by non-distructive methods. Also, discussions will be on the implementation
details, costs, and challenges associated with working with roots and their analyses.
Highlights from GLIP,
the European Grain Legumes integrated Project
Golstein, C.* Grain Legumes Tech. Transfer Platform (GL-TTP), Paris, France
GLIP is a €24-M, 4-year European Project that involves 25 countries, 64 partners, in an effort to boost
the production of grain legumes for animal feed and human consumption in Europe and beyond. The
research program of GLIP encompasses economical, environmental, agricultural and nutritional issues of
crop legumes, as well as the development of genetic resources and genomic tools in crop and model

Pisum Genetics
2007—Volume 39
NAPIA Abstracts
As GLIP is approaching its term, I will highlight the main achievements of the project and select a few
examples of interest for the genetic improvement of grain legumes. I will also bring an update on GL-TTP
activities. GL-TTP, Grain Legumes Technology Transfer Platform, is a non-profit member-based
organization that was primarily created to ensure the exploitation of the research results of GLIP. I will
finally invite interested parties to join the latest GL-TTP initiatives for developing international resources
for breeding, such as genotyping platforms for fingerprinting and diversity studies, at lower cost, by
gathering resources from public and private institutions worldwide.
Evaluation of cold tolerance in pea (Pisum sativum L.) using a freezing chamber
McPhee, K.* USDA-ARS, WSU, Pullman, WA, U.S.A.
*Presenter (kmcphee@wsu.edu)
Interest in fall-sown peas is increasing across the northern tier states of the U.S. Winter conditions in
the Palouse region of the U.S. Pacific Northwest are sufficiently mild that adequate test conditions to
identify breeding lines capable of surviving harsh Midwest winters is difficult. The USDA-ARS winter pea
breeding program located in Pullman, WA, relies on cooperator nurseries located in the Midwest to
evaluate resistance among advanced lines; however, evaluation in early generations is desired. A protocol
using a controlled environment freezing chamber to evaluate tolerance to freezing temperatures has been
developed. Results demonstrating the effect of acclimation period on survival and prospects for future
applications will be presented.
Resistance to sclerotinia white mold in processed and dry
pea cultivars and in the Pisum core collection
Porter, L.D.* and Coffman, V.A. USDA-ARS, Veg. and Forage Crops Res. Unit, Prosser, WA., U.S.A.
*Presenter (lporter@pars.ars.usda.gov)
White mold, caused by Sclerotinia sclerotiorum, can be a major disease of irrigated and dryland peas.
Management of white mold in peas is challenging because foliar fungicides are cost prohibiting to many
pea growers, sclerotia survive for long periods of time limiting the effectiveness of crop rotations, and
resistant pea lines are not available. Therefore, white mold resistance in processed and dry pea cultivars
and in accessions from the Pisum Core Collection was characterized in the present study.
Characterization and genetic mapping of chickpea for drought tolerance
Rehman, A.,1* Warkentin, T.D.,1 Malhotra, R.S.,2 1Dept. of Plant Sci./Crop Dev. Center
Bueckert, R.1 and Bett, K. 1 Univ. of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, Canada
*Presenter (aziz.rehman@usask.ca) 2Intl. Center for Agri. Res. in the Dry Areas (ICARDA), Aleppo, Syria
Drought is the most important stress throughout the chickpea growing areas and occasionally severe
drought conditions lead to complete crop failure. The present study was thus envisaged to characterize a
chickpea mapping population of a cross between drought tolerant and susceptible genotypes. A
population consisting of 155 recombinant inbred lines (RILs) was studied under drought conditions in the

Pisum Genetics
2007—Volume 39
NAPIA Abstracts
field in Syria for various morpho-physiological traits. STMP markers were used to tag quantitative trait
loci (QTL) linked to important drought related traits.
The trend of chickpea breeding program in canada
Taran, B.1*, Warkentin, T.,1 Banniza, S.,1 Vandenberg, A.,1 1Crop Dev. Centre and 2Dept. of Plant Sci.
Kabeta, Y.,1 Tullu, A.1 and Bett, K.2 Univ. of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, Canada
The chickpea breeding program at the Crop Development Centre is the only program developing
cultivars for western Canada and germplasm to address the future challenges and opportunities for the
industry. Major breeding objectives include high yield, ascochyta blight resistance and earliness on various
seed size of kabuli and desi types. Breeding strategies to reach these objectives and the latest improved
cultivars released through the Variety Release Program of the Saskatchewan Pulse Growers will be
Potential for biofortification of the human diet with lentils
Thavarajah, D.1, Ruszkowski, J.,2 1Crop Dev. Center, College of Agri. and 2 Dept. of Geol. Sci.
Sarker3, A. and Vandenberg*, A.1 Univ. of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, Canada
*Presenter (vandenberg@usask.ca) 3ICARDA, Aleppo, Syria
We are exploring the potential for using genetic improvement for biofortification of lentils as a means
of improving human nutrition. Genotype X environment analysis of the content of Zn, Fe, and Se in the
seeds of lentil genotypes grown in various environments indicates that potential exists for genetic
improvement of the concentration of these minerals in bioavailable form. Factors that may affect
bioavailability such as cooking and processing have also been investigated.
Characterization of the genetic and biochemical basis
of green cotyledon bleaching resistance in field pea
Ubayasena, L.,1 Warkentin, T.,1 Bett, K.,1 1Crop Dev. Centre/Dept. of Plant Sci.
Tar'an, B.,1 Vijayan, P.1 and Univ. of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, Canada
Bing, D.2 2Lacombe Res. Station, Agri. and Agri-Food Canada, Lacombe, Canada
The objectives of the present study were to investigate the genetics and biochemical basis of green
cotyledon bleaching resistance during both seed developmental and post harvest periods. A recombinant
inbred line mapping population derived from a cross CDC Striker X Orb was evaluated in 2 locations for 2
years. The ongoing investigations of identifying QTLs using AFLP and SSR molecular markers will be
discussed in this context. In addition, preliminary results of the gene expression study using Ps6kOLI1,
Pisum sativum-16k microarray and the dynamics of the photosynthetic pigments of the cotyledons and
seed coats at a series of seed developmental stages will also discussed.

Pisum Genetics
2007—Volume 39
NAPIA Abstracts
Development of forage pea varieties
Warkentin, T.,1* 1Crop Dev. Centre/Dept. of Plant Sci., Univ. of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, Canada
Klassen, E.,2 Bing, D.,3 Lopetinsky, K.,4 Kostiuk, J.,5 2Johnson Seeds, Arborg, MB, Canada
Tar'an, B.,1 Bett, K.1 and Vandenberg, B.1 3Agri. and Agri-Food Canada Lacombe, AB, Canada
*Presenter (tom.warkentin@usask.ca) 4Alberta Agric., Westlock, AB, Canada
5Manitoba Agriculture, Roblin, MB, Canada
In response to industry demand, a trial was established for the fifth consecutive year in western
Canada in 2007 to evaluate pea varieties for forage potential. Varieties were assessed for biomass quantity
and quality, as well as grain yield and other agronomic characteristics. CDC Tucker and CDC Leroy are
new forage pea cultivars arising from this research, which have greater biomass yield and quality than the
check cultivars Trapper and 40-10, combined with semileafless leaf type and good lodging resistance to
facilitate harvest.
Resistance to Qol fungicides in Ascochyta rabiei isolated from North Dakota
Wise, K.A.,1 Pasche, J.S.,1 1Dept. of Plant Path., North Dakota State Univ., Fargo, ND, U.S.A.
Gudmestad, N.C.1 and Bradley, C.A.2* 2Dept. of Crop Sci., Univ. of Illinois, Urbana, IL, U.S.A.
*Presenter (carlbrad@uiuc.edu)
Ascochyta blight, caused by Ascochyta rabiei, is the most damaging disease of chickpea in North
Dakota. Chickpea producers in North Dakota rely on multiple applications of QoI (strobilurin) fungicides,
such as azoxystrobin and pyraclostrobin, to manage this disease. Baseline sensitivity levels of A. rabiei
isolates never exposed to QoI fungicides were established. Sensitivity to QoI fungicides of A. rabiei
isolates collected from university research trials and producers' fields that were sprayed with QoI
fungicides were determined and compared to baseline sensitivity levels. Based on these comparisons,
isolates resistant to azoxystrobin and pyraclostrobin were identified.