Pisum Genetics 

Volume 26

1994

Research Reports

pages 31-33

Location in linkage group III of a gene coding minor vicilin polypeptide

Smirnova, O.G.

 

Eggi, E.E.

 

Institute of Cytology and Genetics 

Novosibirsk 630090, Russia 

N.I. Vavilov All-Russian Plant Industry Institute

St Petersburg, Russia

The pea seed storage protein vicilin has Mr about 150 kD and consists of three primary subunits of Mr 50 kD. Sodium dodecylsulphate gel electrophoresis separates vicilin subunits into polypeptides of Mr 12.5, 13.5, 16, 19, 33, 35 and 50 kD (4). The initial products of the vicilin structural genes are polypeptides of Mr 50 and 47 kD (1). All of the 47 kD and some of the 50 kD precursors are proteolytically cleft yielding vicilin polypeptides of Mr<35 kD. There are two potential cleavage sites in vicilin precursors. Processing could take place at one point, at another, at both points or not at all if asparagine residues are absent in required positions (8). Taking into consideration that vicilin is encoded by several gene families (2), the observed variety of vicilin polypeptides should be expected.

It has been shown (5) that one of the genes coding the 50 kD vicilin subunit, Vc-1, is linked to the locus r. It also has been demonstrated that vicilin polypeptides of Mr 33 kD are controlled by a pair of co-dominant genes at a single locus (7). Further investigations were carried out using the length polymorphism of DNA sequences homologous to the vicilin messenger RNAs. Gene Vc-2 was mapped on linkage group V and genes Vc-3 and Vc-5 on opposite ends of linkage group III (3, 9).

We have studied one of the minor vicilin polypeptides with an Mr about 35 kD which binds the vicilin antibodies in Western blot analysis. This polypeptide was designated by us Vc-mp. In dodecylsulphate gel electrophoresis Vc-mp has at least two allelic variants of Mr 35.4 (F) and 35.9 (S) kD (Fig. 1). Among 100 samples of the world pea collection at St Petersburg these variants were found with frequencies 0.58 and 0.38, respectively. Sometimes we encountered varieties lacking polypeptides in the zone of 35.4 or 35.9 kD.

We crossed lines VIR4907 (Pisum sativum ssp. asiaticum, Vc-mp S) and WL1238 (Vc-mp F). Analysis of F1 seeds from the reciprocal cross VIR4907 x WL1238 showed co-dominant inheritance of the Vc-mp polypeptide patterns. This indicates that the Vc-mp polypeptide variants are due to variation in the nuclear structural genes and that there is no maternal effect on Vc-mp polypeptide inheritance. 156 F2 seeds were examined. The observed segregation into Vc-mp classes was 37 SS: 81 SF: 38 FF [c2 (1:2:1) = 0.24], indicating monogenic control for the Vc-mp polypeptide synthesis. F2 segregation data for the Vc-mp polypeptide and various morphological markers revealed significant linkage (P<0.0001) between the gene coding for the Vc-mp polypeptide and gene b in linkage group III (Table 1). The corresponding distance was calculated as 12.3 2.8 map units. There was no evidence of linkage between the vicilin gene and any of the other markers (d, f, gp, i, k, le, m, pi, r, s, tl, u and wb) segregating in this cross. To locate the vicilin gene more accurately, we crossed lines VIR4907 (Vc-mp slow, St, B) and WL1749 (Vc-mp fast, st, b) differing in two marker genes of linkage group III. F2 segregation data are shown in Table 1. The recombination fractions calculated from the data in Table 1 suggest the following arrangement of the genes:

st

29

'Vc-mp'

9

b

As was mentioned above, two vicilin loci are already mapped on pea linkage group III. Vc-5 is situated approximately 25 map units from gene st in the opposite direction to gene b (3, 6). Thus Vc-5 is in a different location to the gene coding for the Vc-mp polypeptide. Vc-3 was placed on the "M end" of group III by Weeden et al (9) but it is now accepted that Vc-3 lies below st in the general vicinity of the b locus (3, N.F. Weeden pers. com.). Thus Vc-3 is very likely the gene coding for Vc-mp polypeptide. The map position 9 units above b is consistent with that conclusion but further work is necessary to fully resolve the identity of the vicilin gene mapped in our study.

Table 1. Dihybrid segregation data obtained from F2 populations of crosses 1) VIR4907 (B Vc-mp slow) x WL1238 (b Vc-mp fast) and 2) VIR4907 (B St Vc-mp slow) x WL1749 (b st Vc-mp fast).

Loci

Cross

Phenotype1

Total

Joint c2

Recomb
frac

SE

DS

DH

DF

RS

RH

RF

b

Vc-mp

1

36

71

7

1

10

31

156

77.48*

12.27

2.78

b

Vc-mp

2

45

87

4

0

8

40

184

127.14*

6.57

1.88

b

Vc-mp

1+2

81

158

11

1

18

71

340

202.97*

9.18

1.63

st

Vc-mp

2

41

71

20

4

24

24

184

23.74*

29.38

3.88

 

 

 

DD

DR

RD

RR

 

 

 

 

 

 

st

b

2

108

24

28

24

 

 

184

15.14*

32.23

6.51

1 D - dominant, R = recessive, S = homozygous slow, H = heterozygous fast/slow, and F = homozygous fast The first named locus is shown first.

* P<0.0001

 

Fig. 1. Sodium dodecylsulphate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (non-reducing conditions) of pea seed proteins:

A - vicilin subunits, identified by "Western" blot analysis;

B - total protein extracts of seeds of parental lines VIR4907 (1) and WL1749 (3) and the F1 (2) from their cross, stained by Coomassie R-250.

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