PNL Volume 12 1980
PEA GENE BANK IN POLAND
Swiecicki, W. K. and W. Swiecicki, Sr.
Plant Experiment Station, Wiatrowo, Poland
The Plant Experiment Station Wiatrowo is a leader station for the team
of breeders of leguminous plants in Poland. The station's activities are
orientated not only toward breeding for new varieties but also toward
genetic and breeding advance, and biochemical (protein breeding) and phyto-
pathological studies (resistance breeding). One of the major targets is
gathering and maintenance of a pea collection. Initiated 12 years ago, the
collection now comprises approximately 1,500 lines classified according to
Lehmann. Hence, information on morphological characters is easily available
to geneticists and breeders. Also, the lines have been analyzed for protein
and amino acid content.
The morphological system of Lehmann (1954) does not include those
characters and genes which have been recognized at a later date (e.g. af).
Another shortcoming is that often classification depends on a trait which
is strongly influenced by the environment (e.g. stem length). As a result,
the same line might be classified as different varieties by different banks.
Therefore, our collection includes a separate part, mutants and their hybrids.
Those lines which have been difficult to systematize according to Lehmann
have been classified to respective mutation groups (according to Blixt, Agri
Hort. Genet., 1972).
In August 1979 all collections in Poland were united under one manage-
ment, viz. Plant Genetic Resources Centre at Radzikow. The Gene Bank of
Wiatrowo cooperates with this Centre as a leader collector for pea (analogous
to the Gene Bank at Weibullsholm and the Nordic Gene Bank).
With a view to joining the system of the International Pea Gene Bank,
one of the authors completed four months' training at the Weibullsholm Plant
Breeding Institute (under UNDP/FAO Fellowship, May-August 1979). Thanks
to this training and to the guidance kindly provided by Dr. Blixt, a program
was established for cooperation in the future. First, an inventory of all
lines will be made to allow for comparison of the range of variation and,
eventually, exchange of lines. We already have type lines which were kindly
made available by the bank at Weibullsholm. Secondly, data will be collected
on a standardized basis and attempts will be made to avoid duplications.
For example, presently the Weibullsholm bank possesses 2,290 lines and the
Wiatrowo bank 1,481 lines, but 44 5 lines are duplicates so the total number
of lines in the two banks is 3,526. The possibility of integrating computer
programs has also been discussed.
Work will be continued to further extend the range of variation. This
will be accomplished by adding induced mutations when they are isolated and
by collecting expeditions to safeguard the natural variation.