Melitaea latonigena Eversmann, 1847.
An example where difference in chromosome number was used as a prove of species rank of this taxon, which in Altai Mts. fly on intermediate altitudes whereas the most close species Melitaea didyma (Esper, 1779) flies on low altitides on the Altai piedmonts (Lukhtanov, Kuznetsova, 1989).
Range: The mountains of South Siberia and Mongolia, East Siberia north-east to the Nera River basin.
ssp.: altaica Grum-Grshimailo, 1893 - the Altai Mts.
A subalpine short forb meadow on an opening in an open larch forest on the southern principle slope of the Yuzhno-Chuiskii mountain range between the Chikty and Akbul Rivulets , 2100 m above sea level, the upper Dzhazator River basin, Kosh-Agach District, Altai Republic, West Siberia, Russia. 16th July 1998. O. Kosterin.